Younger Students More Likely to Get A.D.H.D. Drugs

first_imgNew York Times 20 Nov 2012A new study of elementary and middle school students has found that those who are the youngest in their grades score worse on standardized tests than their older classmates and are more likely to be prescribed stimulants for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.The findings suggest that in a given grade, students born at the end of the calendar year may be at a distinct disadvantage. Those perceived as having academic or behavioral problems may in fact be lagging simply as a result of being forced to compete with classmates almost a full year older than them. For a child as young as 5, a span of one year can account for 20 percent of the child’s age, potentially making him or her appear significantly less mature than older classmates.The new study found that the lower the grade, the greater the disparity. For children in the fourth grade, the researchers found that those in the youngest third of their class had an 80 to 90 percent increased risk of scoring in the lowest decile on standardized tests. They were also 50 percent more likely than the oldest third of their classmates to be prescribed stimulants for A.D.H.D. The differences diminished somewhat over time, the researchers found, but continued at least through the seventh grade.The new study, published in the journal Pediatrics, used data from Iceland, where health and academic measures are tracked nationally and stimulant prescription rates are high and on par with rates in the United States. Previous studies carried out there and in other countries have shown similar patterns, even among college students. read more

National offers hospice boost

first_imgStuff 13 August 2014National has pledged an extra $20 million a year in funding for hospices if re-elected in September.National’s health spokesman, the retiring Health Minister Tony Ryall, said the funding would allow hospices to provide more palliative care.Ryall said last year more than 15,000 people received care and support from the country’s 29 hospices while their palliative carers made over 145,000 visits to people in their homes.Demand on hospice services would increase with an ageing population and this needed to be catered for.“Hospices make a huge difference to people’s lives by ensuring terminally ill people are as free from pain and suffering as possible,” Ryall said.“They also provide care and support for families and friends.”Of the new funding, $13m would go towards helping the country’s hospices care for terminally ill people in their homes while $7m would fund 60 new palliative care nurses and educators. read more

Pre-pregnancy DNA tests for genetic conditions approved

first_imgGenetic tests for conditions that can be passed on to future generations should be more widely available before pregnancy, says the government’s advisory body on genetics.There are “no specific social, ethical or legal principles” against preconception screening, a Human Genetics Commission report has ruled.It said testing should be available to any couples who may benefit from it.The UK National Screening Committee will now consider the findings.Some preconception testing already takes place in people who know they have a family risk of a genetic illness such as cystic fibrosis and sickle cell disease.The report’s recommendations could give everyone that option.TestingThe report recommends that children should be taught about screening in the last years of school.Catherine Upstone, whose seven-year-old daughter Cerys has cystic fibrosis, said: “The worst thing is finding out when your child is four weeks old that she has a life limiting condition, and people have the right to information should they choose to have it.“If there’s the support in place for after the genetic testing, then I think it’s a positive thing.”Josephine Quintavalle, the director of the campaign group Comment on Reproductive Ethics, said it was “simply a modern version of eugenics”.Dr David King, director of Human Genetics Alert, said the report was “immensely dangerous” and that “it will inevitably lead to young people being stigmatised and becoming unmarriageable, and disabled people will feel even more threatened.”A spokesperson for the Department of Health said: “Genetic screening can be a powerful diagnostic tool in assessing an individual’s risk of conditions such as cystic fibrosis.“But there are a number of considerations that are broader than the remit of this report which influence whether specific screening programmes should be established.“The UK National Screening Committee will now consider the findings.”BBC News Share HealthLifestyle Pre-pregnancy DNA tests for genetic conditions approved by: – April 6, 2011 Share Tweetcenter_img Share Sharing is caring! 26 Views   no discussionslast_img read more

Coffee Lover? It Could Be in Your Genes

first_img Share 87 Views   no discussions For some, coffee is the true nectar of the gods, while others won’t touch a drop of the stuff. Now, a new study reveals how genes influence people’s preferences for a cup o’ Joe.Researchers analyzed genetic data from studies of more than 120,000 coffee drinkers of European and African-American ancestry. They found eight locations of the human genome linked with coffee drinking, six of which had never been linked to consumption of the beverage before, according to the study, published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry.The findings further boost the idea that a hit of caffeine is what motivates regular coffee consumption, and could explain why the same amount of coffee or caffeine can have enormously different effects on different people.“Coffee, a major dietary source of caffeine, is among the most widely consumed beverages in the world and has received considerable attention regarding health risks and benefits,” the researchers wrote in the study.Research consistently suggests that drinking coffee is linked to a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, liver disease and Parkinson’s disease, the researchers said. However, the effects of coffee on cancer risk, cardiovascular health, pregnancy and other conditions remain unclear.In the study, researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston looked at the entire genomes of 90,000 coffee drinkers of European ancestry who had participated in 28 previous studies of regular coffee consumption.They identified individual genetic differences, called single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), which were associated with coffee consumption, and then conducted follow-up studies of about 30,000 and 8,000 coffee drinkers of European and African-American ancestry, respectively.The researchers identified two new genes involved in how the body processes caffeine, POR and ABCG2. The found that those who drank more coffee were more likely to have certain variants of both of these genes, which encode proteins involved in caffeine metabolism.They also found two regions of DNA near genes called BDNF and SLC6A4 that might play a role in how caffeine affects the brain by positive reinforcement. The study participants with a certain variant, who secrete less BDNF, may feel less of the rewarding effects of drinking coffee, according to the study. But the bigger coffee drinkers were more likely to have a certain variant of the SLC6A4 gene, which encodes a protein that transports the brain chemical serotonin.They also identified regions near genes called GCKR and MLXIPL that are involved in sugar and fat processing, but had not been linked to the breakdown or neurological effects of coffee before. They found that people who drank more coffee were more likely to have a variant of the GCKR gene involved in glucose sensing in the brain, and that may affect how the brain responds to caffeine. The link between MLXIPL and coffee drinking remains unclear, the researchers said.“Our results support the hypothesis that metabolic and neurological mechanisms of caffeine contribute to coffee consumption habits,” the researchers wrote.In addition, the findings help explain the difference in coffee consumption among people.So, next time you reach for that sixth cup of coffee, just blame it on your Share Sharecenter_img HealthLifestyle Coffee Lover? It Could Be in Your Genes by: – October 14, 2014 Tweet Sharing is caring!last_img read more

Guwahati Sports Association to provide logistic support in forthcoming Khelo India Games

first_imgOur Sports ReporterGUWAHATI: Guwahati Sports Association (GSA) will associate with Khelo India Games and play an active role to provide support to the players, officials and the parents who will visit Guwahati during the Competition. Announcing the news the president of the Guwahati Sports Association Munin Nobis today said, “We have decided to provide logistic support in the forthcoming Games. GSA will open two information Centers at the Nehru Stadium and SAI Sports complex. Our officials will be available there during the time of competition and will provide all necessary information related to the games and others to the players, their parents and all the match officials. We are ready to provide other relevant help also.”Guwahati will host the events from January 10. Around 10,000 players and officials will take part in the Games which will conclude on January 22.The media briefing was also attended by the secretary of the GSA Dhrubajyoti Kalita and the other officials.Also Read: Top coaches hail Khelo India accredited academiesAlso Watch: Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma addresses media ahead BJP Booth Committee President’s Conferencelast_img read more

Man City, Juventus Lead Race for Adama Traore

first_imgManchester City and Juventus ‘lead the race to sign Wolves winger Adama Traore ahead of Barcelona’ in this summer transfer window.The powerful 24-year-old is attracting attention from Europe’s top clubs having terrorised Premier League defences all season.And according to ESPN, it is now Pep Guardiola’s side and Italian champions Juventus looking most likely to secure a deal for the £80million-rated star. Adama Traore Traore has been at the heart of Wolves’ push for European qualification with four goals and nine assists in the Premier League.He has three years left on his current contract, putting his club in a strong negotiating position.Barcelona, where Traore played in the academy before moving to England, are also interested but will only attempt to bring him back next year as the club need to focus on outgoing players this summer.The departure of Leroy Sane to Barcelona could lead City to signing a new wide player.And Juventus need to reduce the average age of their front-line, with Cristiano Ronaldo and Juan Cuadrado aged 35 and 32 respectively and Douglas Costa turning 30 in September.Traore joined Wolves for £18million from Middlesbrough in August 2018 and has since gone from strength to strength at Molineux.It is thought that if Wolves qualify for the Champions League this season that he would remain at the club.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegramlast_img read more

Brown scores 8 goals, helps Johns Hopkins hang around against Orange

first_img Published on March 15, 2014 at 9:14 pm Contact Jesse: | @dougherty_jesse BALTIMORE — Syracuse held a comfortable four-goal lead heading into halftime but it was quickly erased by a one-man machine.Sophomore attack Ryan Brown spearheaded a second-half charge by the Blue Jays, after the Syracuse defense stymied Johns Hopkins in the first frame.A running goal 52 seconds into the third quarter gave him a hat trick for the day and cut into the Orange’s lead, but Brown was far from done. He’d go on to score two more in a five-minute span and then three more in the fourth before his valiant output fell short in a losing effort.“Offensively, we had one guy with eight goals and that’s great,” JHU head coach Dave Pietramala said. “But where was everybody else?”Brown accounted for eight of No. 3 Johns Hopkins’ (5-1) 10 goals in its 12-10 loss to No. 10 Syracuse (4-2, 0-2 Atlantic Coast) at Homewood Stadium on Saturday. He also netted six of the Blue Jays’ seven second-half goals and put a damper on what could have been the Syracuse defense’s first complete performance against a top-flight team this season.AdvertisementThis is placeholder text“He’s got such a quick release on his shot and he places it really well,” SU head coach John Desko said. “He really finds the space within their offense and obviously the guys look to him because he finishes well.“I think he played really well and is a really smart player.”While Syracuse’s offense has frequently been touted as the team’s strongest area, its back line is undoubtedly it’s most experienced. With redshirt sophomore Brandon Mullins, junior Sean Young and seniors Dominic Lamolinara and Matt Harris — Desko shifted Harris to close defender against the Blue Jays — the unit has the makeup to anchor the team but had underachieved in the Orange’s first five games.That includes yielding 16 goals to then-No. 11 Albany and then-No. 5 Maryland in back-to-back games, and 17 to then-No. 4 Virginia. But after giving up just three in the first half against JHU, it looked like the defense was turning the corner.But while the back line did rectify some of its recent struggles, Brown’s performance left a stain on the progress.“Ryan Brown just took great shots,” Lamolinara said.In the 60-minute contest, Brown scored in all kinds of ways.He beat Lamolinara near side. Over his opposite shoulder. Through his legs. Once in a man-up situation. Twice when he wasn’t in the net. And on two occasions, started personal 3–0 runs — once in the third and again in the fourth.And while it was enough to place another mile marker on what has been an early-season marathon for the Syracuse defense, it didn’t provide any tangible results.Said Brown: “It’s great but at the end of the day, we still didn’t get the job done.” Comments Facebook Twitter Google+last_img read more

COLUMN: Pac-12 led by consistent teams

first_imgIf you showed me the current college football rankings at the beginning of the season, I would never have believed you.We have seen some crazy wins this year, most recently and probably the craziest win we’ll see all season in last week’s Michigan State win over Michigan on a fumbled punt return as time expired. An unranked Texas upset No. 10 Oklahoma in the annual Red River Rivalry, and unranked Memphis upset No. 13 Ole Miss.But of all the conferences in college football, the Pac-12 has been most unpredictable this season. It is because of that unpredictability that the conference is still technically up for grabs. USC and Oregon were the preseason favorites to win, while Stanford and UCLA were expected to be contenders. Fast forward seven weeks and only one of those teams is ranked and Utah and is leading the conference.The preseason media poll had Oregon winning the North division and USC winning the South, and the Trojans going on to win the Pac-12 Championship game. Stanford and Cal were second and third, respectively, in the North division. Arizona State and UCLA were second and third in the South, respectively, while Utah was picked to finish fifth in the South.Oregon was ranked seventh overall in the preseason poll while USC was No. 8, UCLA was No. 13, Arizona State No. 15 and Stanford and Arizona were     No. 21 and 22, respectively. Now, Utah has gone from unranked to No. 3, Stanford has risen to No. 10 overall and Cal has also cracked the top 25 at No. 20.Oregon falling out of the top 25 is surprising given their success in recent years, but it is not hard to understand, as losing last year’s Heisman trophy winner to the NFL has obviously created a void that the Ducks have not yet learned how to fill.No. 20 Cal is not as much of a surprise, as they received some preseason hype thanks to quarterback Jared Goff, but I don’t think anyone expected Cal and Utah to meet undefeated in Week 6. Cal ended up losing to Utah, but they are currently ranked No. 20 in the nation and have become the favorite to beat unranked UCLA this weekend.Stanford got off to a rough start this season, losing 16-6 to Northwestern, which caused them to drop out of the top 25. However, the Cardinal upset  No. 6 USC at the Coliseum in Week 3 and went on to upset No. 18 UCLA, 56-35. Stanford has been a consistently good team and is led by  senior quarterback Kevin Hogan. Especially given the fact that Oregon is down this season, Stanford has all the necessary tools to win the Pac-12 North.UCLA was a preseason favorite, and many experts predicted a neck-and-neck race for the Pac-12 South title against USC. Like Oregon, however, UCLA is without an experienced quarterback and leader. The Bruins are led by true freshman Josh Rosen, who has shown flashes of brilliance this season, but has followed up those performances with mistake-ridden games that highlight his youth and inexperience.Perhaps I’m biased, but the biggest surprise to me is USC. With a redshirt senior quarterback calling plays and an immensely talented offense, I truly believed that the Trojans had everything we needed to win the Pac-12 and potentially a national title. It’s easy to blame our 3-3 record on everything that has happened this season surrounding Sarkisian’s problems, but I think that USC is simply too talented to be .500 halfway through the season.The problem isn’t a lack of talent or even a head coach, though the latter certainly doesn’t help. The problem with USC is consistency. Last season, Kessler threw only five interceptions, the same amount he has thrown already this season. He has struggled with maintaining his composure when the game is on the line. Despite the loss to Stanford, Kessler played well and the defense stalled, while the opposite was true in the loss to Washington. Against Notre Dame, Kessler and his offense made some incredible plays, but also fell apart in the fourth quarter.Consistency, especially at the quarterback position, seems to be the reason why some Pac-12 teams are unranked and why others are exceeding expectations. Rosen and Kessler have struggled to remain consistent while Jared Goff has maintained his composure and led his team to a 5-1 start, losing only to Utah.If Utah begins to lose its composure and drops a few games, and USC starts to live up to its potential, the Trojans can get right back in the hunt for the Pac-12 South title.Regan Estes is a junior majoring in public relations and Spanish. She is also the sports editor of the Daily Trojan. Her column, “Wild Wild Westes,” runs Tuesdays.last_img read more

Ian McIntyre tells a lot of jokes, but is he funny?

first_imgUPDATED: Oct. 1, 2018 at 12:17 a.m.Hilli Goldhar didn’t know how to react. Goldhar, who’s listed at 5-foot-9-inches and appears shorter, is an easy target for SU head coach Ian McIntyre’s buffoonery. Goldhar worried the physicality of the college game would be his undoing. In one practice, McIntyre took advantage of the fear: He said he didn’t feel bad when Goldhar got knocked down.“He’ll take a little jab at you and you’re like “‘Wait what, did he just say that?’” Goldhar said. “Usually he’s joking …”He paused and his eyes widened.“I think, at least,” Goldhar continued.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textMcIntyre uses humor in many of his interactions with Syracuse (3-4-1, 0-3-0 Atlantic Coast) to lighten the mood of the team. He said his most effective and frequent style of humor is sarcasm. (That’s not a compliment, he said. McIntyre said his grandmother used to say sarcasm is “the lowest form of wit.”) Hit or miss, McIntyre makes humor a part of his everyday routine. At least, he wants to.When asked about the team’s process of maturing, he said he has “a lot less hair.” When referring to the differences Delhommelle brings to the role formerly employed by Syracuse player and Major League Soccer draft pick Mo Adams he said, “He brings a beard for that role, a lot more facial hair.” McIntyre added that they are just as difficult to understand (Adams had a thick British accent) and Delhommelle’s “thick French accent at times is alarming.” When asked about the birth of his go-to formation (the 3-5-2), McIntyre cited his experience: “I played in black and white (color of TV broadcasts) days . We didn’t have shoes. Barefoot soccer.”He has claimed Formula One racer Lewis Hamilton was the “spitting image” of himself and commented on the size of reporters’ notebooks. The question still remains, though — McIntyre tells a lot of jokes, but is he funny?Michael Lantry admitted there are “awkward” moments in practice. Sometimes it’s difficult to tell the difference when McIntyre makes rapid switches from seriousness to joking, Jan Breitenmoser said. Players were quick to applaud his ability to put on a serious face before games, but only after they cracked a grin when asked about the best jokes McIntyre has told. Even the family-friendly form.“Nope,” Goldhar said. “No clean version.”Breitenmoser said McIntyre is most funny when he picks on a single player. Delhommelle said the whole coaching staff teams up to make fun of his accent. Goldhar is McIntyre’s target of choice this year, Delhommelle said, often pointing out Goldhar’s short stature and his affinity for small shirts. But the worst moments come from when he addresses the team as a whole.Delhommelle said the team expects a joke or weird line from McIntyre in the locker room prior to a game. When McIntyre walks in, he’ll find something to make fun of: an outfit or the music. Prior to Syracuse’s Sept. 8, 2017 matchup with Virginia in Charlottesville, Va., the Orange were in the midst of a weather delay and McIntyre barged into the locker room and commanded that someone tell a joke to lighten the mood. Delhommelle volunteered and said what he admitted was a bad joke: “What do you call an American bee? A USB.”Anna Henderson| Digital Design EditorDelhommelle remembered the locker room laughed. But McIntyre didn’t get it. McIntyre tried to make fun of Delhommelle, but he didn’t have the team on his side. Most didn’t laugh.The senior, who transferred from Lander College, said his relationship with McIntyre has gotten to the point where the two can exchange jabs back and forth. But not all share that luxury. Freshmen, like Goldhar, are easier targets. But McIntyre spreads his jokes around. In one practice, Djimon Johnson laughed as Goldhar was picked on. Delhommelle said McIntyre reminded Johnson of where he stood.“You were my target last year,” Delhommelle remembered McIntyre said to Johnson. “You don’t have anything to say.”The freshmen don’t understand his humor, either. But that’s the funniest part.Some players try to refrain their laughter to make McIntyre uncomfortable. Others — mostly freshmen — think they have to at least smile because “he’s the coach.” Some, such as Tajon Buchanan and Len Zeugner, can hold a straight face with relative ease.“Mac’s horrible at jokes,” Jukka Masalin said. “No one’s laughing at that.”McIntyre’s not a comedian, but he tries. And that’s funny, players said.“Ian McIntyre? Is he funny?” Hilpert asked. “I think he tries very hard. I’m not saying that he’s not funny. But (all) I’m telling you is that he tries very hard.“I hope that statement is enough.”Of the 11 players and coaches interviewed by The Daily Orange, four said he was funny, four said he’s sometimes funny, two acknowledged that he tries and one (Goldhar) said he isn’t funny at all — that differentiated from his stance earlier in the season, when he struggled to distinguish McIntyre’s humor from his seriousness.“Maybe he doesn’t actually feel bad for me that I am (getting knocked over),” Goldhar said. “I hope he does.”For McIntyre, it’s important that he doesn’t take himself seriously every once in a while. As Masalin put it, the Orange “spend a sh*t load of time together.” If the mood was always down, then the Orange would have trouble coming together when it matters.McIntyre isn’t overly impressed with his own level of humor. He knows players try not to laugh, and he hardly ever gets any laughs when he jokes around, McIntyre said.So, is he funny?“On a 0-10 (scale)?” McIntyre asked. “Probably a four.”CORRECTION: In a previous version of this story, Hugo Delhommelle was misquoted. The Daily Orange regrets this error.  Comments Facebook Twitter Google+center_img Published on September 30, 2018 at 11:09 pm Contact Michael: | @MikeJMcClearylast_img read more

Forcing turnovers, scoring in transition fuels Syracuse blowout of St. Bonaventure

first_img Facebook Twitter Google+ Published on December 29, 2018 at 5:53 pm Contact Billy: | @Wheyen3 Tyus Battle read the passer’s eyes, jolted toward the top of the key, and deflected a St. Bonaventure pass. The Syracuse junior guard chased the ball and finished for a transition bucket to put SU up four points early on Saturday. It was just the start of the Orange’s defense-sparked transition game against the Bonnies.“We were just getting out and running,” Battle said. “We either get to the foul line or get a bucket, so it made the game a lot easier.”Battle finished with a career-high six steals, leading to a season-high 17 takeaways for Syracuse (9-4). The Orange finished with a season-high 17 transition points in their 81-47 win over St. Bonaventure. The defensive intensity allowed Syracuse to get easy buckets, limit the Bonnies’ shots and pull away early to a blowout victory.“It was better,” SU head coach Jim Boeheim said of his team’s transition game. “We need to run. We need to get up, if we can. Some teams we won’t be able to run on, but when you can get the opportunity, you’ve got to take it.”Postgame, Battle mentioned that the Orange had been paying more attention to opponents’ scouting reports in the last few weeks. And SU recognized how the Bonnies had won in the Dome last year: attacking the middle of the Orange’s 2-3 zone. So from the outset, Battle and Frank Howard focused on limiting passes into the middle. AdvertisementThis is placeholder textThat’s how the junior secured a steal and breakaway bucket in the opening moments of the game. That’s how the SU defense limited St. Bonaventure’s leading scorer, Courtney Stockard, to two points. And that’s how the other Orange defenders could focus on taking away open shooters, creating all the transition success.“We really took out all parts of their offense, and it fueled those transition buckets,” Syracuse forward Oshae Brissett said.In addition, the Orange emphasized getting on the glass, Brissett said. Multiple times, he rose up to grab one-handed boards with his right hand. But the message from the coaching staff was about team rebounding, which showed with two defensive rebounds each for Battle and Elijah Hughes.A week ago, Boeheim connected the lack of rebounds to his team’s inept transition offense. But Boeheim has frequently said he wants the Orange to run. Saturday, they did that, rarely standing pat after grabbing a defensive board. SU even ran the floor off made baskets, with Battle leading multiple half breaks after Dolezaj snatched the ball directly out of the net.“The practices have been good, and I think it showed it today,” Boeheim said. “We just played at a better pace.”The defensive intensity didn’t stop even with the Orange out to a big lead, which was already more than 20 at halftime. Howard grabbed a steal midway through the second half before leading a two-on-one with Battle, eventually dumping it off for a layup.A few minutes later, Battle read the play and got his hand on another ball. He didn’t worry about grabbing it, though, because he saw Hughes leaking out down the right sideline. So the SU junior tapped it ahead to Hughes, who then showed off his vertical with a powerful right-handed throw-down. “Those easy buckets help us get an easy lead, helps us calm down, play our game,” Brissett said. “And it lets guys have a lot more confidence in themselves once they see a couple layups go in, they get a nice feel for the game.”The Orange got off to a 17-2 start on Saturday, fueled by six St. Bonaventure turnovers. The Bonnies never led because instead of only waking up in the second half, Syracuse and Battle brought it from the opening tip. Brissett said afterwards that he realizes there are no easy games left as Atlantic Coast Conference play begins next week. The Orange lost four nonconference games, often failing to take advantage of their length and athleticism. But Saturday, Syracuse showed it has both of those traits, and it’ll need to rely on them going forward.“Our defense over the last couple games has been good,” Battle said. “I think our scoring was the problem. But if we get out in transition and get easier buckets, it won’t be a problem.” Commentslast_img read more