Veteran Pakistan batsman Younis Khan on Sunday confirmed that he will retire after the West Indies tour. There were reports doing the rounds which stated that Younis would reconsider his retirement plans if Pakistan Cricket Board says it still needs his services.But the 39-year-old released a video statement confirming his decision.”There is a lot of speculation that perhaps I am taking back my decision to retire from Test cricket. There is no truth to this. My decision to retire from Test cricket is final,” he said.”I will not take back my retirement even if I score a century in every innings during the West Indies series. I play for Pakistan, not India,” he added.Younis, who is just 23 runs away from becoming the first Pakistani batsman to reach 10,000 runs in Test cricket, had earlier stated in an interview that he would come back from retirement if the board or his fans want him to.”Yeah, I will think about it,” Younis told cricket.com.au before the first Test. “It all depends on if my team needs me. If they request me or people want me then why not? But it all depends on my team.”Pakistan will be losing the services of Younis and Test captain Misbah-ul-Haq after the West Indies series. Misbah was the first to announce his retirement followed by Younis a couple of days later. The 42-year-old however, is of the opinion that Pakistan still needs Younis’ services.”My personal feeling is that Pakistan still needs Younis Khan and he can play for another year or two, but I’m not sure if others agree with me or not. I talked to him about it in Australia and told him that ‘you can play on’,” Misbah said.advertisementMisbah insisted that though there are some really good youngsters in the team, the void left by Younis’ absence would be extremely difficult to fill.”Even though we have some very good youngsters in the team, the gap left by Younis’ absence will be difficult to fill. The Pakistan team will not just miss him as a batsman, they’ll also miss him as a mentor. He has been a terrific role model for everyone and it will be very tough to replace him.”Every member of this team, including myself, has learnt a lot from him. He has changed our dressing room culture. If one wants to be successful in professional life, one only needs to regard Younis Khan’s organised and punctual lifestyle,” Misbah added.
Ultra-luminous infrared galaxy with strong ionized-gas outflow discovered Located some 56 million light years away in the Fornax cluster, NGC 1365, dubbed the Great Barred Spiral Galaxy, is a barred spiral and ringed galaxy of Seyfert type. Although many observations of NGC 1365 have been conducted to date, it has not been yet thoroughly studied at mid-infrared wavelengths.In general, mid-infrared observations have the potential to uncover crucial details about molecular gas clouds and ionized gas, which is key to study the distribution and kinematics of the mass-dominating old stellar population in galaxies. Such observations could also provide important information on star formation history and properties of central engines of galaxies.A team of European astronomers led by Nastaran Fazeli of University of Cologne in Germany performed near-infrared observations of NGC 1365 hoping to learn more insights into gas and stellar kinematics in this galaxy. In their observational campaign, the researchers concentrated on the approximately 2,600-light-year-wide circumnuclear region of NGC 1365, studying it using the Spectrograph for INtegral Field Observations in the Near Infrared (SINFONI) instrument on VLT in Chile.”In the framework of understanding the gas and stellar kinematics and their relations to AGNs [active galactic nuclei] and galaxy evolution scenarios, we present spatially resolved distributions and kinematics of the stars and gas in the central ~800-pc radius of the nearby Seyfert galaxy NGC 1365,” the astronomers wrote in the paper.SINFONI observations resulted in detecting parts of the starburst circumnuclear ring (with a radius of about 3,260 light years) and resolving some weaker starburst regions within the inner ring and the nucleus (radius of approximately 1,000 light years). The researchers found that the circumnuclear ring has strong emitting “hot spots” in optical wavelengths, which have starburst ages below 10 million years with an age gradient on the west side of the ring. The study also revealed strong broad and narrow emission-line components of ionized gas in the nuclear region, as well as hot dust with a temperature of approximately 1,300 K. The researchers noted that these properties are typical for type 1 AGN.Observations indicate that the stellar velocity field of NGC 1365 shows an overall rotation. Moreover, ionized and molecular gas show an overall rotation in the general orientation with the stellar velocity.The astronomers calculated that the galaxy’s black hole mass is from five to 10 million times greater than the mass of our sun. They found that the hot molecular gas is around 615 solar masses, what corresponds to a cold molecular gas mass at a level between 200 and 800 million solar masses. Additionally, the ionized gas mass was estimated to be about 5.3 million solar masses. Using European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope (VLT), astronomers have investigated the galaxy NGC 1365. The study, presented in a paper published January 18 on the arXiv.org pre-print server, reveals essential insights about star formation processes and gas flows in this galaxy. A three-color optical image of NGC 1365 combined from three exposures with the FORS1 multi-mode instrument at VLT UT1, in the B (blue), V (green), and R (red) optical bands. Credit: ESO Citation: Astronomers study star formation and gas flows in the galaxy NGC 1365 (2019, February 4) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-02-astronomers-star-formation-gas-galaxy.html Explore further More information: Nastaran Fazeli et al. Near-infrared observations of star formation and gas flows in the NUGA galaxy NGC 1365. arXiv:1901.06241 [astro-ph.GA]. arxiv.org/abs/1901.06241 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2019 Science X Network