Just like every other cricket fan, Congress leader Shashi Tharoor is also disappointed by rain playing a spoilsport in the ongoing World Cup in England and Wales.So far, three matches have been washed out in the ongoing tournament and the weather predictions for the upcoming matches — including that of the high-voltage clash between India and Pakistan — is not good.Taking to Twitter, Tharoor said either England should be banned from hosting cricket tournaments until the climate change problem across the world is solved or the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) invests in covered stadiums.”With three washouts already (and more due this week), World Cup 2019 is becoming a damp squib. Should England be banned from hosting cricket tournaments until the world solves climate change or the MCC invests in covered stadia? Their summers are increasingly turning into monsoons!” said the Congress leader.With three washouts already (&more due this week), #WorldCup2019 is becoming a damp squib. Should England be banned from hosting cricket tournaments until the world solves climate change or the MCC invests in covered stadia? Their summers are increasingly turning into monsoons!Shashi Tharoor (@ShashiTharoor) June 11, 2019After the match between South Africa and West Indies was called off on Monday due to inclement weather, not a single ball could be bowled in the Sri Lanka-Bangladesh game in Bristol on Tuesday, making the ongoing event, the World Cup with the most number of washouts in a single edition.On June 7, the tie between Pakistan and Sri Lanka was also abandoned without a ball being bowled.advertisementIn the aftermath of games being washed out, the International Cricket Council (ICC) has been criticized by many for not having reserve days for group stage matches.However, the ICC has defended its decision and blamed the disruptions on “extremely unseasonable weather”.Also Read | We put men on the moon, so why can’t we have a reserve day in World Cup: Bangladesh coachAlso Read | World Cup 2019: Rain washes out Bangladesh vs Sri Lanka match in BristolAlso See
20Jackie Stewart1969-731877 6Alain Prost1987-912048 F1′s top racers (according to Elo)Top Formula 1 drivers since 1950, by the highest average Elo rating over a racer’s best five-year span 15Rubens Barrichello2000-041935 3Lewis Hamilton2014-182060 27Jacques Villeneuve1996-001856 7Mika Hakkinen1997-012047 29John Surtees1963-671846 17James Hunt1974-781905 11Nico Rosberg2012-161981 MethodologyUnlike most other sports where FiveThirtyEight uses Elo, Formula One is not a head-to-head sport; multiple drivers take to the circuit at the same time or in the same session, and the result is a combination of both car and driver. In order to make this work, we’ve made some assumptions about how to view the results:Driver and car are considered to be inseparable from Elo’s point of view. So when we say that Nigel Mansell’s peak Elo in 1992 was 2428, we really mean, “Nigel Mansell, driving the Williams-Renault FW14B, had a peak Elo of 2428.”Each session or race is treated as if it were a round-robin 1-on-1 tournament. A driver who finishes second out of 15 cars is viewed as having gone 13-1 in this tournament, losing to the first place finisher and defeating the rest.Elo includes each race that awards Formula One championship points3Except for the Indianapolis 500, which was part of the Formula One circuit in the 1950s. and the primary qualifying session for that race.If a driver fails to finish a race — whether because of mechanical failure or a crash — we treat that driver as if he or she didn’t compete in the race. This may reward drivers who are overly brave (or stupid) by not punishing them, or cars that were quick yet unreliable, but it avoids having to assign blame in controversial incidents or, even worse, clear cases where a crash was not a driver’s fault.Like several other FiveThirtyEight Elo systems, the average driver has an Elo score around 1500, while new drivers start with 1300 points. The “K-factors” in this version of Elo — which are multipliers that determine the sensitivity and fluctuation of a driver’s rating — are more extreme in the beginning of a driver’s career. Drivers start with a K-factor of 24 for approximately the first year, then reduce as they gain experience. Qualifying results are predictive of race results, which makes sense considering that qualifying results both set the starting grid for the following race and allow for drivers to demonstrate their raw speed and talent on a level field. The minimum K-factor for qualifying sessions is 16, while the minimum K-factor for races is 12. Drivers always gain Elo points after “defeating” another driver and lose ground after “losing” to them.The overall system is zero-sum, in that the total number of points remains constant before and after a session or race, but given that each session or race can include drivers with a range of K-factors, there can be asymmetric point gains and losses. We adjust for this by normalizing participants’ scores after each session. Without this normalization, it is possible in the short term both for Elo deflation to occur — a new driver does poorly and gives away more points than the opponents claim — and Elo inflation to occur — a new driver does well and gains more points than opponents lose. Given the rapid driver churn in Formula One — especially during the early years of the sport — these effects would be more noticeable than in other sports and would quickly lead to skewed rating scales across the seven decades of championships.To build the Formula One Elo, we used the historical race results compiled at github.com/emkael/elof1. These were pulled from various sources: Data for the 1950 and 1951 seasons came from Wikipedia, for 1952 and 1953 from second-a-lap.blogspot.com, and for subsequent seasons from ergast.com/mrd. Data for qualifying races was also pulled from chicanef1.com.Additional contributions by Gus Wezerek. 9Damon Hill1993-972000 26Juan Pablo Montoya2001-051860 France’s Alain Prost (No. 6) won a grand total of four championships in his career, tied for the third most ever. But from 1988 to 1991, he would claim only a single title, thanks largely to the otherworldly skills of Ayrton Senna (No. 1), his one-time McLaren teammate. Senna won more than 40 percent of the races he entered during that span, peaking with one of the highest Elo ratings ever in 1989. Even Prost’s lone title in those seasons — in 1989 — was more about Senna’s bad luck than Prost outracing him; although Prost beat his teammate only once all year in races they both finished, Senna suffered six retirements2And one controversial disqualification. to Prost’s three. Senna was so dominant that Prost ended up leaving McLaren for Ferrari in 1990; the rivalry would continue off and on for the next few seasons until Prost retired after his 1993 championship. Senna died the next year in a crash in the San Marino Grand Prix. Prost was a once-in-a-generation driving talent, but he had the misfortune to race against Senna, a once-in-a-lifetime phenomenon. 1Ayrton Senna1988-922178 12Jim Clark1963-671978 23Mario Andretti1975-791865 8Niki Lauda1974-782025 21Graham Hill1961-651875 18Mark Webber2009-131899 10David Coulthard1998-021983 14Riccardo Patrese1989-931936 DriverBest five yearsAvg. Elo Rating 13Nelson Piquet1983-871946 Friends away from the track, Niki Lauda (No. 8) and James Hunt (No. 17) had a fierce rivalry behind the wheel that peaked during the 1976 season. Lauda went into the year as F1’s top-rated driver by Elo before suffering a fiery crash at the German Grand Prix that nearly took his life. Six weeks after being given last rites, Lauda somehow bounced back to finish fourth at the Italian Grand Prix. But in the end, Hunt ended up eking out the 1976 title by a single point over his Austrian rival. Hunt was quick again the following season, but he was unable to keep his car on the track; he took six poles to Lauda’s two but retired from eight of 17 races, six of which were due to mechanical failure. Lauda took advantage, claiming his second title in three years. 22Fernando Alonso2010-141870 19Alberto Ascari1950-541890 25Stirling Moss1957-611863 Argentine driver Juan Manuel Fangio (No. 5 in our all-time list) was F1’s first superstar, winning five of the first eight World Championships ever awarded, in 1951 and 1954-57. It would be 45 years before Michael Schumacher equaled (and then surpassed) Fangio’s title count. But Fangio did have a fierce contemporary challenger, in the form of Ferrari’s Alberto Ascari (No. 19). Ascari was the only racer to beat Fangio for the championship between 1951 and 1957 — even granting that Fangio sat out 1952. Ascari would die in a training accident in 1955, though, robbing Fangio of his greatest on-track rival. “I have lost my greatest opponent,” Fangio said. “Ascari was a driver of supreme skill and I felt my title (in 1955) lost some of its value because he was not there to fight me for it.” 16Gerhard Berger1990-941914 28Carlos Reutemann1977-811850 24Jean Alesi1992-961864 30Nigel Mansell1983-871846 * Includes the 2018 season, which is currently in progress.To be eligible, drivers prior to 1970 needed to take part in 25 percent of the season’s races and qualifying sessions. Drivers since then needed to participate in 60 percent of the year’s races and qualifying sessions. This should come as no surprise to racing fans — Senna is regarded by many other champions as F1’s greatest driver. Nor is it a shock to see Michael Schumacher, the seven-time World Champion, coming in at No. 2. But what’s striking is that Nos. 3 and 4 in the ranking above are current rivals: Lewis Hamilton and Sebastian Vettel. How lucky are modern F1 fans, that we get to see two names on the all-time short list of greatest drivers going head-to-head every few weeks?Here are some of the racers and rivalries that defined entire eras of F1 history, according to our Elo rankings: 4Sebastian Vettel2009-132056 5Juan Manuel Fangio1953-572053 2Michael Schumacher2000-042106 Over the four-season stretch from 1962 to 1965, British rivals Jim Clark (No. 12) and Graham Hill (No. 21) represented the emergence of Britain as a force in the Formula One landscape, with Hill at British Racing Motors and Clark at the Lotus team founded by legendary designer Colin Chapman. During that time, the duo combined to claim 32 of F1’s 39 available pole positions — including every single pole of the 1965 season — and won 29 of 39 total races. They’d have been a perfect 4-for-4 on championships in that span, too, if not for bad luck in the last race of the 1964 season: Mechanical problems struck both Clark and Hill during the race, allowing John Surtees to claim the title by a single point over Hill. (Naturally, Clark and Hill bounced back to finish 1-2 in the standings the following year.) While most of the rivalries on this list were fueled by emotion, this one was all about the driving. Michael Schumacher (No. 2) had captured back-to-back F1 crowns with Benetton in 1994 and 1995 but had experienced uneven results after leaving for Ferrari, including a disqualification for dangerous driving in 1997. Driving for McLaren, Mika Hakkinen (No. 7) captured back-to-back championships in 1998 (with Schumacher finishing second) and ’99. Then in 2000, Schumacher finally outdueled his Finnish rival with four straight wins to close the season. It was his third career title and the first in the set of five in a row Schumacher would win until he was unseated by up-and-coming phenom Fernando Alonso in 2005. Schumacher finished his career with the most total championships of any driver ever, and he would call Hakkinen his “best opponent.” From 2008 to 2017, Lewis Hamilton (No. 3) and Sebastian Vettel (No. 4) won the F1 title every season except for two (2009 and 2016) — and one of them was runner-up in each of those years. And yet, we’re somehow only reaching the peak of this rivalry right now, since the dominant periods for Vettel’s former team, Red Bull (2010-13), and Hamilton’s Mercedes squad (2014-16) didn’t quite overlap. Starting last season, though, we’re finally getting some direct competition between these two four-time champions, and it’s given us moments like this deliberate collision at the 2017 Azerbaijan Grand Prix. According to Elo, Vettel has one of the best peak ratings of any driver ever, and Hamilton isn’t far behind, so if these two continue on their current trend, there’s plenty of room for the legend of this rivalry to grow. The greatest drivers in the world are assembling in Monte Carlo this weekend for Formula One’s flagship race, the Monaco Grand Prix. So we thought it was the right time to dive into the history of road racing’s fastest sport — and this being FiveThirtyEight, what better way to investigate that history than to use our favorite benchmark, the Elo rating system, to rate every driver of all time?Elo is a simple way to grade competitors based on a series of head-to-head results. Longtime FiveThirtyEight readers will know that we’ve put it to work before in ranking NFL, NBA, MLB, college basketball and football, and women’s and men’s club soccer teams. Here, we’re using it to rate F1 drivers going back to 1950, the first season in which the FIA World Championship of Drivers was staged.Rating each contestant in fields of more than 20 drivers is a bit different from rating teams that play one-on-one games, so we had to make a few tweaks to our usual Elo formula. (Skip to the bottom for all the details.) The short version, though, is that all drivers are assigned Elo ratings going into each qualifying session and race, which represent their form — along with that of their engine manufacturer, mechanics, pit crew and so forth — at that particular moment. The average is around 1500, with the best racers soaring into the 2000s. After each event, the driver’s rating will change based on the result: In general, finishing high helps you gain Elo points, while finishing low costs you Elo points. (Duh.) If a driver doesn’t finish a race, Elo acts as though that driver never entered the race. That avoids the question of fault for a crash or a mechanical failure, though it may reward drivers who take more risks to finish higher. It may also reward drivers who qualify well but do poorly on Sundays. But the best racers will consistently outduel the highest-rated of their peers.Most racers, of course, aren’t in that category. But a few drivers In F1’s history have managed to dominate for long stretches of time; sometimes they even came along at the right time to have an epic rivalry with another all-time great. You can see these legendary racers highlighted in the chart above, which you can also search and click to isolate other individual drivers’ ratings over time.So … who’s the best ever?To judge the best-ever racers according to Elo, we wanted to strike a balance between career performance and peak form. So we made a compromise: We averaged a driver’s Elo across the five best consecutive seasons of his or her career, provided the driver participated in a minimum percentage of that season’s races.1This threshold varies by era because of the low rate of finishing races in the early days of Formula One. Prior to 1970, a racer must have appeared in 25 percent of all races and qualifying sessions to be considered a participant that year; after that, the threshold was moved to 60 percent. According to the resulting metric, no driver in history was more dominant than the late Brazilian racer Ayrton Senna:
KOLKATA: To tackle passenger rush on Kali Puja/Deepavali nights, Eastern Railway will run 4 pairs of suburban EMU special trains in Sealdah Division on the nights of November 6/7 & 7/8, 2018. Among these special trains, one pair each will run between Sealdah & Dankuni , Sealdah & Barasat, Sealdah & Ranaghat and between Sealdah (South) & Baruipur stations. The Sealdah-Dankuni Suburban EMU Special will leave Sealdah at 11.30pm and reach Dankuni at 00:15 am and in return journey, the Dankuni-Sealdah Special will Dankuni at 00:25 am and arrive at Sealdah at 1:05 am. The Sealdah-Barasat Suburban EMU Special will leave Sealdah at 00:10 am and reach Barasat at 00:55 am and in the return journey, the Barasat-Sealdah Special will leave at 01:10 am and arrive at 1:55 am. The Sealdah-Ranaghat Suburban EMU Special will leave Sealdah at 00:40 am and reach Ranaghat at 2:30 am and the Ranaghat-Sealdah Special while coming back will leave Ranaghat station at 11:45 am and arrive at 1:40 pm. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeThe Sealdah (South)-Baruipur Suburban EMU Special will Sealdah at 00:30 am and reach Baruipur at 01:15 am and while returning, the Baruipur-Sealdah Special will leave Baruipur station at 01:25 am and arrive at Sealdah (South) station at 02:10 am. One Passenger Special Train for Baruipur will be run from Sealdah leaving Sealdah (South) station at 5.35pm on November 6. All suburban train services in Sealdah Division will follow Sundays’ schedule up to 2 pm on November 6 and after 2pm, all suburban train services will continue scheduled services with stoppages at all stations including flag & halt stations enroute.
Kolkata: Pranab Biswas, Trinamool Congress councillor of Ward 82 resigned on Saturday citing health issues.The octogenarian councillor went to the headquarters of the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC) and submitted his resignation to Mala Roy, KMC’s chairperson. Later, Biswas told newsmen that because of ill health he could not attend the monthly and borough meetings and found it difficult to carry on. “I had to depend on others to look after the Ward and could not attend the meetings. Under this situation, I thought it is wise to resign from the post of councillor.” Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeMala Roy said earlier Biswas had verbally expressed his willingness to resign. His resignation has been accepted. Mayor Firhad Hakim who also hails from Chetla is likely to contest from the Ward in the by-election. According to the KMC rule, if the Mayor is not a councillor, then he will have to contest a by-election and win within six months from the date of getting the post. Out of 144 Wards in the KMC, the TMC originally had 122 councillors when the civic board was constituted in 2015. Sailen Dasgupta, a councillor from Ward 117, died some time ago bringing down the number of TMC councillors to 121. The by-election in Ward 117 will be held on December 16. BJP has five councillors while the Congress and Left Front have two and 14 respectively in the KMC board.