Three jailed reporters charged with “undermining national security” Five women journalists have been killed doing their job since 8 March 2004. Florence Aubenas is being held hostage in Iraq, while four others are imprisoned in Turkey, Maldives, Rwanda and Iran. Reporters Without Borders pays tribute to women who suffer for the freedom of expression. Follow the news on Iraq As the world celebrates International Women’s Day on 8 March, a French reporter is being held hostage in Iraq and four others are imprisoned elsewhere. Five women journalists have been killed doing their jobs since 8 March 2004.Reporters Without Borders pays tribute to these women journalists, cyberdissents and Internet-users who, risking their lives and freedom have carried on, for us, their work of informing the public. “We call on the international community to campaign for the release of women held in Iraq, Rwanda, the Maldives, Turkey and Iran. Most cases of murders of women journalists have been carried out with complete impunity. Governments must act for justice to be done.”Thirty-eight of the 636 journalists killed doing their jobs since 1992 have been women.A woman held hostage in Iraq Florence Aubenas (picture), 43, veteran reporter for the French daily Libération, was abducted on 5 January 2005 with her Iraqi fixer, Hussein Hanoun al-Saadi. She had been in Baghdad since 16 December 2004. An award-winning journalist, Florence Aubenas has covered conflicts for the French daily since 1986, in Rwanda, Kosovo, Algeria and Afghanistan.Three journalists deprived of their liberty Young Austrian journalist Sandra Bakutz (picture) was arrested by Turkish police in Istanbul on 10 February 2005 accused of “membership of a banned organisation”. She faces 10-15 years in prison. She had travelled to Turkey to cover the trial of around 100 extreme left militants. Fathimath Nisreen (picture), 25, has been deprived of her freedom since January 2002, for working with online newsletter Sandhaanu, which had criticised human rights abuses in the Maldives. She was condemned to 10 years imprisonment for defamation. She has since been exiled to Feeail Island where she is serving a reduced sentence of five years banishment.Police in Iran on 2 March 2005 arrested weblogger Najmeh Oumidparva, (http://www.faryadebeseda.persianblog.com – Dawn of Freedom) wife of weblogger Mohamad Reza Nasab Abdolahi, who is also imprisoned. She is three months pregnant and has been told she could spend ten days in prison. Days before her arrest, she had posted on her weblog a message written by her husband shortly before his arrest in which he claimed the right to free expression and said he was “waiting for police handcuffs”.In Rwanda, Tatiana Mukakibibi, presenter and producer of entertainment programmes for Radio Rwanda, has been imprisoned since October 1996. She worked with the priest André Sibomana, former editor of Rwanda’s oldest newspaper Kinyamateka. She is being held in extremely harsh conditions in Ntenyo, Gitarama. She has been accused of murder but Reporters Without Borders has been able to show that there is no concrete evidence against her.In the last few months, some dozen women journalists have been arrested worldwide. They include cyberjournalist Mahboubeh Abbasgholizadeh who has spent a month in prison in Iran for contributing to reformist websites. Her colleague Fereshteh Ghazi was imprisoned between 28 October and 7 December 2004 for articles she wrote. She came out of prison physically and mentally weakened.Women journalists killed in Somalia, Belarus, Nicaragua and Iraq Kate Peyton (picture), 39, correspondent for the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) in Somalia, was fatally wounded on 9 February 2005, when unknown gunmen fired a bullet into her back as she was entering a Mogadishu hotel to meet the speaker of the transitional parliament, Sharif Hassan Sheikh Aden.Iraqi journalist Raeda Mohammed Wageh Wazzan, 40, was found dead on 25 February 2005 in Mosul, northern Iraq, five days after being kidnapped by masked men. A presenter on regional public television Iraqiya, she died from a bullet wound to the head. An Iraqi group linked to al-Queda claimed responsibility for her murder but it has not been possible to check the validity of their claim.Journalist Veronika Cherkasova was found murdered at her home in Minsk on October 2004, while she was investigating arms sales from Belarus to Iraq under Saddam Hussein. Despite evidence to the contrary, police insist on treating it as a crime of passion. The investigator has been harassing her 15-year-old son.In Nicaragua, María José Bravo, 26, was killed in November 2004, while covering clashes close to a polling station. In Iran, the legal system is still obstructing the process of bringing the murderers to justice of Iranian-Canadian photographer Zahra Kazemi (picture), 54. She died in Tehran on 11 July 2003 after officials interrogating her in a Tehran prison inflicted vicious blows to her head.Women journalists harassed because of their investigative reportingReporter Anna Politkovskaya of the Russian daily Novaya Gazeta has suffered constant threats and obstruction to her investigations, particularly in Chechnya. In September 2004, she was poisoned, probably by Russian secret services, as she tried to reach Beslan to cover the school massacre there. In the United States, New York Times reporter Judith Miller (picture) faces up to 18 months in prison for “contempt of court” after refusing to reveal her sources of information to the courts in connection with her revelations about White House manoeuvring.Independent Colombian journalist Claudia Julieta Duque has received death threats since September 2004 because of her reporting on the murder of journalist and humorist Jaime Garzón.Women who fight for husbands who have been imprisoned or disappearedIn Cuba, The Women in White, wives of the 75 political prisoners arrested in March 2003, demonstrate silently every Sunday in the streets of Havana to demand the release of their husbands.Wives of imprisoned journalists in China and Burma regularly brave official harassment to visit their husbands, bringing them food and medicine that the authorities deny them. They also risk reprisals by speaking to the international press. Zeng Li, the wife cyberdissident Huang Qi lost her job and her home as a result of police harassment.In Sierra Leone, Isatou Kamara, whose husband has languished in prison in Freetown since October 2004, never stops updating international organisations about her journalist husband’s plight.In France, Osange Kieffer and Fabienne Nérac, whose husbands are missing, respectively in Cote d’Ivoire and Iraq, continue the fight to find them. “Everyone tends to want me to accept that he has been killed, but I do not agree, I must continue fighting. I need proof, so do my children,” said the wife of Fred Nérac, who went missing near Basra in March 2003. IraqMiddle East – North Africa News Organisation to go further RSF_en Receive email alerts News Help by sharing this information December 28, 2020 Find out more News IraqMiddle East – North Africa February 15, 2021 Find out more RSF’s 2020 Round-up: 50 journalists killed, two-thirds in countries “at peace” News March 7, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Reporters Without Borders pays tribute to women journalists under threat worldwide Iraq : Wave of arrests of journalists covering protests in Iraqi Kurdistan December 16, 2020 Find out more
Growing up, Ana Tijoux didn’t know where to call home. As the France-born-and-bred daughter of Chilean parents living in political exile, she felt conflicted about her identity — until she found hip-hop.Tijoux first heard the music in the inner neighborhoods of Paris while accompanying her mother on her social-work rounds to immigrant families from Senegal, Morocco, Algeria, and other parts of Africa. Tijoux would play with the children while her mother worked.“For children of immigrants in France, hip-hop became a sort of land for those of us who felt landless,” Tijoux said during an interview at a pizza parlor near Harvard Square. “We felt displaced, but hip-hop made us feel restored.”To talk about the genre’s relevance as a tool of expression for marginalized groups, the French-Chilean rapper came to Harvard for a presentation Tuesday evening called “Ana Tijoux: Shock! Music for International Social Justice,” for which all tickets were distributed in a few hours.Tijoux, 38, has made a name for herself as an emcee who raps about female objectification, anti-colonialism, feminism, and other social issues to tracks charged by panpipe flutes, charangos, and other Latin American folk instruments. The New York Times has called her “South America’s answer to Lauryn Hill,” and music critic Jon Pareles described her beat and flow as “calmly assertive, never strident.”With her unique style, Tijoux’s music has crossed Chile’s borders. Her song “1977” was featured in “Breaking Bad,” while her political views earned her an interview on the television show “Democracy Now!”Tijoux said her life informs her art and she learned her support for underdogs from her mother and her beloved Chile. In “Somos Sur” (“We Are the South”), she raps with Palestinian rapper Shadia Mansour about the value of resistance. In “Shock,” she criticizes neoliberalism and governmental corruption. In “Antipatriarca,” she sings with feminist ardor, “I won’t be the one who obeys, because my body belongs to me / I don’t walk behind you, I walk alongside here.”Before her talk at Harvard, Tijoux, whose real name is Ana Maria Merino, recalled her beginnings as a rapper in Chile in the late 1990s with the group Makiza. With her hair in braids, a baseball cap backwards on her head, and a bright Mexican blanket on her back, she answered questions with rapid-fire speech, Chilean slang, and lots of smiles.Her family returned to Chile after the end of the military dictatorship that ruled the country for nearly 30 years. She struggled trying to adapt during her first years in her new home, and hip-hop rescued her. “Hip-hop gave me an identity to express my frustration and anger,” she said. “It was a catharsis and it was cheaper than therapy.”But success came too fast, she said. She broke with her group and returned to France, where she worked for three years as a nanny, secretary, and janitor, all to avoid singing. When she went back to Chile, it was for good.Today, after several Grammy nominations, tours across the United States and Canada, and concerts in Latin America and Europe, Tijoux is at peace with fame. “My grandmother keeps all the articles and stories about me,” she said. “She likes that I’m getting recognized, and it’s fine with me.”Her two children, Luciano, 11, and Emilia, 3, keep her grounded, she said. She enjoys watching videos on the Internet with them — she doesn’t have a television at home — and preparing avocado with marraqueta (soft Chilean rolls) for breakfast.Tijoux said she relishes listening to Violeta Parra, a Chilean folklorist, activist, and one of her biggest musical influences. Hip-hop singers who talk about social injustice and criticize the woes of capitalism are following in Parra’s steps, she said.“Hip-hop was a reaction to the status quo,” she said. “It was a counter-proposal, a movement of anger against the concrete, an answer to the empire.”But hip-hop can also talk about love, motherhood, and women’s empowerment, said Tijoux.“Music has to be honest,” she said. “I have to talk about what I see and what I feel to be true to myself.”“Ana Tijoux: Shock! Music for International Social Justice” was sponsored by the Office of the Assistant to the President for Institutional Diversity and Equity, the Committee on Degrees in Studies of Women, Gender, and Sexuality, the Harvard College Women’s Center, the David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies, the Hiphop Archive & Research Institute, Fuerza Latina, and Queer Students and Allies. Ana Tijoux – VengoAna Tijoux ‘Vengo’
By Dialogo March 23, 2009 Colombian police arrested a woman suspected of being part of a gang of “hackers” who managed to withdraw approximately $670,000 in an ongoing series of bank account thefts in the University of Cartagena (North), an investigating official reported on Thursday. The woman, identified as María Eugenia Fernández, was captured as she was preparing to withdraw part of the stolen money after transferring it to several accounts in the Colombian branch of the Banco Sudameris. According to Germán Sierra, the President of the University, the criminal network was able to break into the bank system that was used to electronically deposit employees’ social security payments. From the main account, money was sent in small amounts to accounts in several Colombian cities, and was then withdrawn as cash. A group of computer experts in the Colombian Police is continuing the investigation in order to find other members of the ring. “We will soon make more arrests,” an official of the Police of Cartagena who is responsible for the investigation told AFP by telephone.