Karl Henry replaces Tom Carroll in QPR’s midfield for the game against Leeds, while young defender Jamie Sendles-White is on the bench.The visitors make a change up front, with loan signing Connor Wickham handed a debut.QPR: Green, Hughes, Onuoha, Dunne, Hill, Traore, Jenas, Henry, Hoilett, Morrison, Doyle.Subs: Murphy, Keane, Yun, Carroll, Benayoun, Sendles-White, Maiga.Leeds: Butland, Peltier, Lees, Pearce, Warnock, Murphy, Austin, Stewart, Kebe, Wickham, McCormack.Subs: Smith, Hunt, Mowatt, Byram Wootton, Brown, Cairns.Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
Introducing the “Poof!” Theory of Evolution.A rather famous evolutionist who studied under John Maynard Smith and specializes in theoretical evolutionary biology, Eörs Szathmáry (see 2/06/05, 2/18/09 and 1/05/10, also a Stupid Evolution Quote of the Week winner, 7/23/06), has been working on the “great transformations” of evolution for a long time. His latest entry, published in PNAS, announces an upgrade: “Toward Major Evolutionary Transitions Theory 2.0“.In this paper, he brings his latest solutions to seven major evolutionary transitions from nonlife to life: (1) protocells, (2) the genetic code, (3) eukaryotic cells, (4) plastids, (5) multicellularity, (6) eusocial animal societies, and (7) societies with natural language. His toolkit of “explanatory mechanisms” for overcoming these major evolutionary hurdles includes multilevel selection, decomposition of the transitions into more manageable units, handwaving (e.g., “This process is still an unsolved problem”), jargon, and a strong predilection for instantaneous, inexplicable appearances (i.e., magic). Since whatever he needs appears as if in a burst of smoke, we can summarize his story as the “Poof! Theory of Evolution.” Examples:During transitions, new units of reproduction emerge [poof!], and establishment [poof!] of such units requires high fidelity of reproduction (as opposed to mere replication).Enduring diploidy is an optional consequence of sex that arose [poof!] in certain lineages independently [poof!].The recurrent emergence [poof!] of the division of labor or the combination of functions allows the higher level units to be more efficient under certain conditions, which has to translate into a fitness advantage.It was noted that new inheritance systems arise [poof!] first in a rudimentary form….There are hereditary mechanisms below and before, as well as above and after, DNA that emerged [poof!] in evolution: the RNA world, epigenetic inheritance, and language are important examples.In the lifecycle, the multicellular condition arises [poof!] either by cells (or nuclei) coming together [poof!] or by cell division, followed by sticking together [poof!].A major outstanding issue is what I call filial transitions: origin and evolution [poof!] of new Darwinian systems within the hierarchy, such as the nervous system (poof!) and the adaptive immune system [poof!] in vertebrates.As soon as proteinaceous aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases appeared on the scene [poof!], a new kind of autocatalysis (replication) emerged [poof!].Rather than a separate major transition, meiosis and syngamy seem to be better regarded as a coevolving form of maintenance or transformation of an emerging [poof!] higher-level evolutionary unit. The other component of the genetic revolution is the emergence [poof!] of the nucleus itself, from which the name eukaryote is derived. The evolution of [poof!] introns and eukaryotic gene regulation….In the case of symbiosis, the increase in complexity [poof!] is accompanied by the emergence [poof!] of synchronized replication.Just as the evolution of [poof!] powerful epigenetic inheritance systems allowed the evolution of [poof!] complex multicellularity, natural language allowed the emergence of [poof!] complex human societies.The transition [poof!] to cells now includes the origin of [poof!] chromosomes, and the origin of [poof!] meiosis and syngamy is included in the transition [poof!] to eukaryotic cells.Aggregation of cells evolved four times independently [poof!4]Although multicellularity arose [poof!] more than 20 times [poof!20], the “spectacular” forms arose only in plants, animals, and fungi [poof!3].The magic words are sprinkled liberally throughout Szathmáry’s paper. After decades of tackling the Great Transitions in Evolution 1.0, this is 2.0, his latest and greatest scenario of how life evolved from chemicals to evolutionary storyteller. A perceptive reader might wonder, “Proof or poof?”Sometimes we just need to let the evolutionists discredit themselves. As in politics, when your opponent is making a fool of himself, don’t interrupt him. (Visited 41 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
A Taste of South Africa is a new show about food, being filmed with British chef Matt Tebbutt. It explores local favourites and the fascinating history behind them, and is set to air during the second half of the year.British chef Matt Tebbutt is filming a new show in the country called A Taste of South Africa. (Image: Media Update)Brand South Africa reporter“This is the show that I’ve always wanted to make,” said British chef Matt Tebbutt about the filming of his new foodie show A Taste of South Africa.“To explore, learn, taste and understand such a totally diverse country such as South Africa is a really exciting prospect for me. I want to meet the people behind the food, to learn about the history of the dishes and to cook alongside them and expand my own knowledge of the local cuisine.”The first leg of shooting wrapped on 16 January, and the crew will head to Cape Town in March.“South Africa provides a culturally diverse, exciting, engaging, and exquisite environment in which to pursue the love of food,” said show producer Rebecca Fuller-Campbell.“The fascinating history of this country and the sheer variety of cultures means that every episode will offer a fresh and different look at the rich gastronomic traditions of the country.”Tebbutt traverses South Africa in the 10-part show, sampling different dishes and regional specialities, and digging into the history of local cuisine. He travels through Gauteng, the Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, the Western Cape and Eastern Cape.The show features food such as sorghum, maize, chisa nyama, bunny chow, umphokoqo, koeksusters and waterblommetjie bredie.Day #6 of the shoot for A Taste of SA with @matt_tebbutt #mealiesinMaritzburg pic.twitter.com/wUN1z4IgOb— Oxyg3n Media (@oxyg3n_media) January 12, 2017Along the way, he features local chefs, among them Nelson Mandela’s former personal chef, Xoliswa Ndoyiya, and Mpho Tshukudu, co-author of the cookbook Eat-Ting.Tebbutt also visits Marble, David Higgs’ restaurant in Johannesburg.Filming with @matt_tebbutt for his South Africa show… pic.twitter.com/mXgPM3xVu5— Marble Restaurant (@Marble_SA) January 9, 2017Speaking to talk radio 702, Tebbutt relayed an anecdote Ndoyiya shared with him. When she was personally interviewed by Mandela, he asked if she made comfort food. On replying yes, she got the job.The show is being filmed by Oxyg3n Media and has been acquired by Discovery (Africa and Poland) as well as by UKTV in the UK.Tebbutt is no stranger to the camera. He has been involved in various cooking shows in the UK, including Food Unwrapped, Market Kitchen and Saturday Kitchen.Source: Media UpdateWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
The number of sales-related metrics and KPIs are limitless. There are countless things that are worth monitoring and measuring, some more valuable than others, depending on your goals, what you sell, and how you sell. There are a few, however, that I find to be critical to increasing sales, whether you are coaching an individual or leading a large team.The following list of metrics is something I believe should be monitored, measured, and managed in what I would call a Pipeline Meeting (something that, for me, is different than an opportunity review meeting, where people spend much of their time discussing individual opportunities).New Opportunities Created: Salespeople do many things, but they roll up into two primary buckets. The first bucket is opportunity creation, the second is opportunity capture. One mistake that sales managers often make is to undervalue opportunity creation and focus exclusively on opportunity capture. By looking at the number of opportunities created, you capture a metric that measures how well you are doing in building your pipeline.Deal Size: It’s easy for a salesperson to perceive every prospect as being a good prospect, believing every prospect they pursue brings them that much closer to their goals. The reality suggests something different for most sales organizations, namely that the too small deals take as much time as larger deals while not contributing enough towards your goals. The size of a deal is important, and the average of these deals is a good indicator as to whether your salespeople are pursuing the right clients. This metric allows you to coach your team to focus on the right deals, not only those who appear to be more receptive.The Value of the Opportunities: Rarely do I ever see this metric being captured. Because the salesperson captures the value of an individual opportunity when they enter the information to the CRM, the individual value is looked at while the collective value is ignored. The value in the collective value of the opportunities created in a week is that it allows you to verify that you are generating enough new opportunities to meet your goals. If you have a goal of $20,000,000 in revenue, you need to win $384,000 in new business a week. Which brings us to win rates.Win Rates: This is a critical metric for determining how well you are doing at building your pipeline. We’re going to weave this metric together with the value of the opportunities created. If you have a 40 percent win rate, yielding $384,000 in new revenue a week means creating $961,000 in new opportunities each week. You need $50,000,000 in new opportunities annually to yield $20,000,000. When you underestimate what needs to happen in a week, you put your goal at risk.Segment: For some sales organizations, their teams cover different segments of markets. They may have one team that calls on more transactional business, another that calls on Small and Medium Businesses, and one that focuses exclusively on Enterprise clients. In cases where this is true, the segmentation can tell an important story. Looking at the metrics above as filtered by the segment allows you to ensure that you are growing the segments appropriately, or in some cases changing the focus of the sales force.Solution: When you sell products, services, and solutions, it can make sense to look at the pipeline through the filter of a solution. Maybe you are doing well in products but lagging when it comes to services. Or you could be succeeding in services, but not selling the larger, compelling differentiated services that allow you to displace your competitors.Deals That Moved Forward: There are two metrics rolled up into this one view: number of deals, and value of deals. In B2B sales, deals progress over time, some moving faster, and some necessarily moving slower. What you want to ensure is that deals are progressing from week to week, that action is being taken to progress your opportunities. The number of deals moving forward is a good metric, and so is the value of those deals. But a word of caution here, as you also must look at the deals that moved backward in stages or that fell out of the pipeline for one reason or another.Commitment: This is a personal favorite for me because I believe that is an indicator that the opportunity is real and that the salesperson knows how to move the deal forward. The prompt that can be recorded is the commitment that the prospective client has made that indicates they have agreed to the next step. The 10 commitments I wrote about in The Lost Art of Closing are good guideposts, but you can capture these as customer-verifiable outcomes, or whatever makes sense for you and your organization.If you want to see how I look at these metrics and how I use data visualization to assess pipeline performance, please join me for this webinar on Coaching Pipeline and Data Visualization with Microsoft’s suite of business analytics tools within PowerBI.This post is sponsored by:
BHUBANESWAR: In a bid to promote nutritious millet and give a push to the tribal economy, the Odisha government has decided to offer one kilogram ragi (millet) at ₹1 per kg per card holder through the public distribution system.The issue of procurement and distribution of millet was discussed threadbare in the Odisha Millet Mission under the chairmanship of Chief Secretary Aditya Prasad Padhi here on Monday.Mr. Padhi directed to pilot the ragi distribution in seven districts — Gajpati, Kalahandi, Kandhamal, Koraput, Malkangiri, Nuapada and Rayagada — from the month of July. The card holders in Malkangiri district, where millet consumption is widespread, will be supplied 2 kg of ragi. “Around 17,500 quintals of ragi would be distributed to the card holders. The future of the programme will depend on the acceptability of the people and impact of the pilot,” State Agriculture Secretary Sourav Garg said.The State government proposed to procure around one lakh quintals of ragi from farmers in the coming kharif season at a minimum support price of ₹2897 per quintal. Tribals are the principal producers of millets in the State.In the kharif season of 2018, a total number of 24,499 farmers were registered and verified for procurement of ragi. Only 6622 farmers had sold their surplus product to Tribal Development Cooperative Corporation of Odisha Limited. The procurement was done through 68 societies in eight districts at ₹2,897 per quintal. Around 17,986 quintals of rice were procured.“The decision would go a long way in promoting millet in the State. It will not only give an additional choice to consumers in their food basket but also help tribals earn much-needed cash through the PDS. Now, rice and wheat — two principal grains — are being supplied to people through the PDS. But, a large population in Odisha consumes millet. Besides, tribals who were selling millet at ₹15 to ₹20 per kg will get more than ₹29 per kg, which will encourage them to go in for millet production,” said Prasant Mohanty, an activist who have been advocating the promotion of millet for years.Senior officials from different departments participated in the meeting to streamline millet distribution in the State. The Millet Mission directorate was directed to promote consumption of ragi in urban pockets through tie-ups with bakeries, biscuit manufacturers, sweet stalls and mega retail counters.
Kabul: Afghanistan’s president has postponed a planned visit to Washington early next week where he was to discuss the US-Taliban talks on ending America’s longest war, a person familiar with the negotiations said Friday. The development emerged after the US envoy negotiating with the Taliban, Zalmay Khalilzad, abruptly returned to Qatar for unexpected talks with the insurgents on the deal that he had described as complete just days ago. The Taliban maintain a political office in the Gulf Arab state. Also Read – Saudi Crown Prince ‘snubbed’ Pak PM, recalled jet from USThe agreement “in principle” to begin a US troop withdrawal only needed President Donald Trump’s approval, Khalilzad had announced on Monday. The person who told The Associated Press of President Ashraf Ghani’s postponed Washington trip was not authorised to talk to reporters and spoke on condition of anonymity. Since Khalilzad’s announcement on Monday, two horrific Taliban car bombings in the Afghan capital, Kabul one of which killed a US service member and objections to the deal from the Afghan government and several former US ambassadors to Afghanistan have put pressure on Khalilzad as many wonder whether a deal will truly bring peace. Also Read – Record number of 35 candidates in fray for SL Presidential pollsThe Taliban have explained their surge in deadly attacks including on the capitals of northern Kunduz and Baghlan provinces last weekend as necessary to give them a stronger negotiating position in talks with the US, a stance that has appalled Afghans and others as scores of civilians are killed. House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Eliot Engel has even demanded that Khalilzad testify before the House committee about the negotiations, saying that “I do not consider your testimony at this hearing optional.” The Afghan president has been shut out of the US-Taliban negotiations, and during Khalilzad’s visit to Kabul this week Ghani was shown the agreement but not allowed to keep it. The Taliban have rejected negotiations with the Afghan government, seeing it as a puppet of the US, though it has expressed willingness to meet with Afghan officials in their personal capacity. Ghani’s government this week raised objections to the deal, echoing the former US ambassadors’ concerns that a full US troop withdrawal that moves too quickly and without requiring the Taliban to meet certain conditions, such as reducing violence, could lead to “total civil war” such as the one that engulfed the country in the 1990s after a rapid Soviet pullout and before the Taliban swept into power. “Afghans have been bitten by this snake before,” presidential adviser Waheed Omer said Thursday, recalling past agreements from which the Afghan government has been sidelined. The US hopes its deal with the Taliban will bring the militant group to the table for intra-Afghan talks to begin ahead of Afghanistan’s presidential election on September 28 a vote that Ghani insisted must be held on time and not be swept aside by any kind of interim government.