Strata in the Niagara Gorge, used as a reference for Silurian dating, formed much quicker than previously believed – in just 1/5 the time, according to a press release from Ohio State. Bradley Cramer and his advisor Matthew Saltzmann used high-resolution carbon isotope stratigraphy to re-examine the rocks in the Niagara Gorge. “Rocks that were originally estimated to have formed as sediments built up over 10 million years’ time actually formed in only 2 million years, they found.” A ramification of this study is that dates of other rocks around America and the world could also be in error, because they relied on dates from this region. A boundary called the Ireviken Excursion is seen in the United States, Canada and Sweden, which geologists believe represents a global event involving the extinction of many marine organisms. The rocks in the Niagara Gorge, among the first dated by geologists in the 1800s, established a benchmark for other corresponding formations around the world. Now that the formation time has collapsed from 10 million years to 2 million or less (since “most of the formations originated during the Ireviken event, which lasted for only 1 million years or so”), this new finding will have a ripple effect:Rock formations there are used as a frame of reference to judge the ages of rocks throughout North America. So these new results mean that many scientists will have to revise their work. Estimates of when certain animals went extinct may change. “Unfortunately, this means that a lot of people are going to have to re-examine work that they thought was done,” Cramer said.Cramer, a doctoral student at Ohio State, is next going to examine some pre-Silurian dates with the carbon isotope technique. Though he believes this technique is more accurate, he commented on the uncertainties in geological dating methods:“We have this great geological record of climate changes in the past,” Cramer said. “The problem is, the rate of change that we’re worried about in the modern day is on a very short time scale. And when we look into the deep past, our ability to know where we are in time isn’t that precise. If we can get our time constraints down more precisely, we can begin to ask the same sort of questions of the past that we’re asking of the modern era.”The dating technique relies on ratios of carbon-12 to carbon-13. Geologists assume that similar anomalous ratios represent global “excursions” away from the norm.The Niagara Gorge was the site of another episode where the word “unfortunately” is apt. Creation on the Web retells how Charles Lyell, the father of uniformitarian geology (who had a huge influence on Darwin) fudged the data about the rate of erosion of Niagara Falls. His estimate of the age of the falls—35,000 years—undermined the faith of many Christians about the Biblical record of the age of the earth. Only after the damage was done did the facts come out: his estimate was also at least four to five times too slow! The corrected date puts the age at an upper limit of 7000-9000 years, much more credible in a Biblical timescale, considering that the erosion would have been much more rapid right after the Flood. Now, another measurement in the same gorge has been found to be off by a factor of five. Sure, everything is still stated in terms of millions of years, but bigger questions need to be faced. Think of the confidence that many other geologists placed in the earlier estimate. Think of the timelines, tables, and charts published in geology textbooks and scientific papers that counted on the Ireviken Excursion dating to a particular age and rate of formation. Now, “a lot of people are going to have to re-examine work that they thought was done.” They need to re-examine at a much deeper level and question another formation: the geological column itself. Uniformitarian geologists might respond that this error represents one correction out of a vast body of data and will not have that big an impact on the geological column. But Cramer’s comments bear deeper reflection: “when we look into the deep past, our ability to know where we are in time isn’t that precise.” Then he said that “if we can get our time constraints down more precisely, we can begin to ask” the pertinent questions (italics added). That is a big if. Geologists apparently counted on this marker from 1800 to 2006, only to find that the formation was laid down at least five times faster than they had estimated. What confidence can we have in other measurements? How much can one infer about millions of years when all he has to go on is some carbon isotope ratios? The problem is, their methods are married to their assumptions, and those assumptions were raised in Darwinland. Cramer was only questioning the rate of formation of this particular gorge, not the framework of geological history that assumes it occurred hundreds of millions of years ago when fish were presumably evolving. A new generation of geologists needs to arise with bigger questions, and fewer assumptions. For too long, the marriage of geology with evolutionary theory has been a bondage instead of a blessed union. Calling a rock stratum “Silurian” for convenience based on a type section is harmless taxonomy, but why must Silurian correspond to evolutionary beliefs? The evolutionary beliefs usually dictate the interpretations. For example, as we have seen, no one in secular geology questioned the disconnect between the geo-evolutionary assumption that dinosaurs went extinct 65 million years ago and the finding of flexible soft tissues in a dinosaur bone (06/03/2005, 03/24/2005). It’s like a wife exclaiming, “Wow, look at how fresh this bone looks!” only to have the husband put his hand over her mouth and tell the reporters, “What she means is, we have just realized that soft tissue can survive 65 million years, because we all know that dinosaurs went extinct long before humans evolved. Isn’t that right, honey?” and she nods submissively in agreement. Evolution is an abusive spouse. It beats research into conformity with its own needs and desires. If geology can get a divorce from evolution, and if geologists can once again start dating outside the Darwin Party concentration camp, a union of new questions and answers might emerge from the minds of liberated researchers, and the offspring could be precocious. For a good discussion on thinking anew, read The Right Questions by Dr. Phillip E. Johnson.(Visited 12 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
By Rachel Dorman, MS & Heidi Radunovich, PhDMilitary members can face a number of challenges when reintegrating back into the family after deployment. Some challenges may include changes in previous roles and responsibilities in their marriage, finding their place among friends and family, and civilian activities that evoke wartime memories. Due to the stressful events, such as exposure to combat during deployment, reintegration can be more difficult for some. Foran, Wright, and Woods (2013) sought to learn more about how combat exposure impacts marital relationships among military members who recently returned from deployment.Martial Adjustment [Flickr, 4th BCT Deployment by Fort Bragg, CC BY-ND 2.0] Retrieved on September 17, 2015The researchers examined how combat exposure, mental health symptoms, and aggression impacted service personnel’s intent to divorce or separate within nine months post-deployment. Participants included 194 married active duty personnel who had returned from a 15-month deployment to Iraq in 2007-2008. Participants took a survey on base four months post-deployment, and again nine months post-deployment. The survey contained measures for combat experiences, depressive symptoms, PTSD symptoms, intent to divorce or separate, relationship psychological aggression, general aggression, and marital distress. The researchers found that at four months post-deployment over one-third (37%) of service members reported marital problems. During the same time period, the researchers also found that over 43% of participants reported psychological aggression against their partner within the last month. Marital distress, relationship aggression, combat exposure, and PTSD symptoms related to re-experiencing events were all associated with higher intent to divorce or separate. Participants who reported high levels of marital distress and also experienced high levels of combat exposure were much more likely to report intent to divorce or separate nine months post-deployment than those who only had high levels of marital distress, or just combat exposure. This held true even when controlling for PTSD symptoms.Martial Adjustment 2 [Flickr, 130922-Z-OU450-266 by North Carolina National Guard, CC BY-ND 2.0] Retrieved on September 17, 2015Practitioners who work with service members and their families should be aware that service members who have experienced high levels of combat are at particularly high risk for divorce or separation if they are already experiencing marital distress. This could be due to symptoms and behaviors that the service member is showing to the spouse, as well as their own challenges in handling stress. Because they are particularly vulnerable, it is recommended that married military service members who have experienced deployment participate in couple-based programs to reduce depressive symptoms and marital distress, and also to focus on education to reduce the stigma of seeking treatment when needed. For more information about military couples cans be found in the below blogs previously published by MFLN Family Development:Military Couples, Infidelity, and Marriage Education ProgramsCouple Separations: Strengthening & ResilienceInfidelity and Military Couples: Risks & EffectsMilitary Couples vs. Civilian CouplesResource Discovery: Military Family Lifestyle Survey ReportRelationship Stability: What Helps and HindersResearch on Military Enrichment Programs References Foran, H., Wright, K., & Wood, M. (2013). Do combat exposure and post-deployment mental health influence intent to divorce? Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 32(9), p. 917 – 938. doi: 10.1521/jscp.2013.32.9.917This post was written by Rachel Dorman, M.S. and Heidi Radunovich, PhD, members of the MFLN Family Development (FD) team which aims to support the development of professionals working with military families. Find out more about the Military Families Learning Network FD concentration on our website, on Facebook, on Twitter, YouTube, and on LinkedIn.
Behind any successful project is good production design. In this article, find out what that means and how to incorporate it into your next project.Cover image via The Criterion Collection.Any project, big or small, is only as good as its attention to detail. A production designer is the person (or sometimes, team of people) who stays on top of even the most minute details in every setting, scene, and shot. If you’re an up-and-coming director, or even an established name, understanding the value of your production designer is everything.Let’s explore the subtle art of production design — and how it literally sets the scene for any project.Defining Production DesignImage via Hulu.The role of a production designer is, ostensibly, to oversee a film’s overall visual look. However, that sells the role’s responsibilities a bit short. Production design (while sometimes the responsibility of one person) often involves a whole department, including many different teams and responsibilities. The head production designer works closely with the director and producer(s) from the get-go, then manages designs, budgets, and workflows through the efforts of other visual teams, costume designers, and VFX producers. Ideally, a good production designer has a diverse filmmaking background and multiple skill sets. A strong multi-tasking mindset is a must.The Production Designer’s RoleImage from the set of Poldark (PBS).Beginning with pre-production, production designers are some of the first people involved with scripts and location-scouting. Their job is to bring a project’s thematic elements to life. To do this, production designers have to carefully balance creative assets to make both overt and subtle elements on sets come to life — while keeping everything on track and on budget. In many films, the production designer is the one to make the call regarding when to use CGI and when to avoid it.Attention to DetailImage via The Killing of a Sacred Deer (A24).Another major tenet of production design is attention to detail. This is especially true in the early stages when production designers create sketches, mood boards, and sometimes even the storyboards. Designers discuss things like lighting, colors, and other elements of composition with the director and director of photography. Even the smallest aspects of a film get careful planning and construction. Here’s a great interview with production designer Jade Healy, who’s worked on films like Pete’s Dragon (with director David Lowery) and The Killing of a Sacred Deer (with director Yorgos Lanthimos).Honestly, the hardest part of a job at that level is getting the ideas out of your head and into everyone else’s hands. That’s the challenge. It is certainly overwhelming to have so many people working for you. I would be lying if I said I wasn’t terrified of my first day! But once we got into the groove of things, everything just flowed.You can check out some of the original concept drawings alongside the final build for production and filming here. The final product is a careful and considered collaboration between the cinematographer and production designer that brings the set to life.If you’d like to read some more on the subject, check out some of these articles.Why Every Project Needs a Production DesignerHow to Create Great Production Design for Film & VideoThe Art Department: Design, Construction, Decor, and PropsThe Practical Guide to Independent Costume DesignHomemade VFX: Create and Film a DIY Meteor Strike
Vatsala Kaul Banerjee is the editorial director of Children’s & Reference Books, Hatchette India. She has also had stints in advertising and print and is a mother of two – here she talks about how dealing with one’s child’s setbacks is more about fixing oneself than her.You know this prayer:”God, give us grace to acceptwith serenity,The things that cannot bechanged,Courage to change the thingswhich should be changed,And the wisdom to distinguishone from the other…”I didn’t think of this, Reinhold Niebuhr did, and he would’ve made a good mother. After 10 years of seesaw parenting – sometimes up, sometimes down, and sometimes middling – I can say with certainty that dealing with your child’s setbacks is more about fixing yourself than your child… Or it should be.Let’s start with an easy quiz. Tick the ones you think are your child’s setbacks:Poor marksWearing glassesPhysical or behavioural handicapNot being an eager performerThe ones you tick (or don’t) will help you figure out what kind of parent you are. If you ticked all five, I’d say that you have very high, probably unrealistic, expectations from your child. If you ticked one, then I’d say you’re likely to be a happy parent who allows her child his/her imperfections and weaknesses. And if you ticked two-three options, you’d be able to deal well with most of your child’s setbacks.I come of a mother who never let me think that losing vision in one eye at the age of two, and being faced with the prospect of going blind, and then having an extremely ugly squint till I was a teenager, was a “setback”. She didn’t go about it in a feature story “How I went about raising my daughter’s self-esteem” type of way; she just treated me normally and I learned to deal with it. Later, when the squint was fixed, but never quite completely, boyfriends would tell me how beautiful my eyes were, and I never doubted it. It’s all about perception, isn’t it?advertisementSo, when one of my daughters needed glasses at the age of five, sure I was concerned, but more about how she would deal with sports until she was old enough for lenses, and not that she had glasses “already!”. She also hated being on stage – her young, tattooed guitar teacher said it was cool that she didn’t want to learn songs to perform and would rather learn the chords first. It’s strange that I birthed a shy child, but there’s no one quite like her, and that’s fine with me. But of course, when she does badly in tests, I get upset because she knew everything – I’m human, after all, and I give her all the spiel about “doing your best”. And, of course, I hurt when her best friend suddenly decides to dump her at the behest of her mother, because I know my little girl is bewildered by this sudden and cruel change of heart, and I sit down and explain why some people can suddenly go off colour. It’s all part of the life deal. It’s going to happen a lot. Do the run up, hop, step and jump over it.What I would think could be serious setbacks in my children:If they didn’t giggle uncontrollably at nothing at all.If they did not think that 16-yearold Justin Bieber is the best singer in the world.If they did not want to learn new things in life.If they had only one friend.If they thought I know everything better than they do.If they thought everything can be found on/solved by the Internet.If they didn’t still make handmade cards for birthdays.If they didn’t run to get the first rights to hold the maid’s little baby.If they blame things that go wrong on other people all the time.If they say “That’s your problem!” or “So what can I do?”.I know what’s the right thing to do, and I try to get there, sometimes slip-sliding away, sometimes getting there. Every parent has to set the measures for their children – and themselves. Love is more important than anything else, and how to fix a problem and get over a disappointment is the key to waking up smiling next morning, ready to kiss life with a loud smack – and your children, too!Here are my ways of smiling when my children suffer a setback:Read to them or have them read stories of disappointments and achievements. No great person ever became that without both.advertisementHow can you explain the situation to your child so that he doesn’t think it’s a matter of life and death? Figure this out. We’re so involved in making our children smart, that we forget that they are still small and vulnerable.Don’t refuse help and advice, but don’t get pressurised by other parents. Their lives are different; their children are different, and their values may be entirely different, too. Live by yours.Don’t let other people treat your child with pity or sympathy. Tell them politely, and if they don’t get it, talk plain. Get the point across firmly.Accept the situation. Re-align priorities. What’s more important? That your child does something and be unhappy, or not do it and be happy?Think back to your childhood when making decisions for your child.Don’t be ashamed of your child’s weaknesses. Only if you know what’s wrong, you can decide if you want to make it better – and how.Show love. Hug, kiss and say it’s going to be all right; and if it isn’t going to be all right, it’s still all right – we’ll find another way, tomorrow is another day.Hows to tackle discipline and foodPriya Shirali, mother of two, is a writer. She believes that children should be given roots to keep them emotionally grounded and strong, and wings to let them soar. She tells us how she disciplines her children and makes them eat right?The best piece of advice I received as a young mother was this: when your baby is 4-5 months old, introduce her to all the possible tastes by giving her a small amount of curd, orange juice, honey, vinegar and so on. I did that with my daughter and realised that she was far more accepting of assorted tastes than most babies, who like only sweet food. Today, as a healthy 10-year-old, she eats baigan ka bharta as happily as French fries. My son, who I didn’t introduce to all the tastes at that age, is a fuss pot. I have to constantly think up ways to get him to eat his vegetables. So, I boil and grind or grate vegetables such as spinach and carrots, mash them and add them to the flour to make parathas. His disinterest in vegetables also prompts me to add ladyfinger and potatoes to mutton – sometimes I even cook rice in vegetable stock.As a family, we eat a balanced diet, and since children adopt food habits from their immediate family, my children do eat healthy. Salad, curd, fruits and healthy munchies, such as roasted wheat, are a regular part of our food. Having said that, I also give them a rather free hand when it comes to junk food – they eat wafers, and we eat out once every week, often at a restaurant of their choice. Unlike some health-fixated families, we do not resist “the Clown, the King and the Colonel” of the American fastfood empire.advertisementThe trick is to balance things out over a week. Don’t try and make every meal healthy. And don’t make eating healthy an oppressive thing. Food should be enjoyed and eaten happily for it to nourish the body. Otherwise, you could eat the most nutritious diet and still not benefit from it.When it comes to disciplining my children, I follow the “be loving, be polite, be firm” maxim. Today, parents often abdicate their parental responsibility to be their child’s friend, but I don’t believe in that. My child will have many friends in life, but only one mother. So I am friendly, but I have certain rules about behaviour, bedtime, TV and computer time, all of which have been set after a discussion with the children and keeping in mind what is best for them. But once we have decided on something, we follow it. Of course, the rules are not set in stone, and are changed as they grow older.How to tackle adolescence Minakshi S Desai, born in Nairobi, Kenya, is an interior designer and a freelance writer. She dabbles in craft, painting and pottery and loves animals. She is the mother of a teenager and tells us how to adjust with stubborn, adolescent behaviour?Like most mothers, I was obsessed with numbers and percentages. And like most 15-year-olds, my daughter Romi hated studies. Studying through the night before the exams with almost the entire syllabus to be finished was a routine affair.My temper and her stubbornness raged on neck and neck, her stubbornness winning hands down. At the end of my tether, I visited the school counsellor for help. At my sanctimonious best, I described my daughter’s behaviour, confident that the counselor would set her straight and peace would once again reign in a home that had become a bedlam. I was dumbstruck when the counsellor gave Romi a clean chit and suggested that I take a few sessions of therapy instead! To say that I was affronted is an understatement; more so because Romi was finding it hard to control her smirk.It took some doing, but I finally dragged my feet back to the counsellor. Just two sessions of therapy changed my perspective on the situation and the results were noticeable immediately. I continued with the sessions, egged on by the changes I perceived in my daughter who looked happy and relaxed. A few weeks down the line, Romi’s grades improved and though she still had to be coaxed to study, she didn’t put up much of a fight.I learnt the hard way that I was unconsciously transferring my insecurity and fear of failure onto her. I also learnt that studying more didn’t necessarily mean better marks; it could be counterproductive too! We started working as a team rather than adversaries. The time tables and charts were pasted on her cupboard. She thrived under my positive feedback and passed her ICSE exams with 85 percent; and later, her ISC with 81 percent. Today, at 18, she is a bubbly teenager, preparing for college.Help your child with studies:Set a workable time table as it helps organise your child. Induce them to stick to the plan by showing appreciation when they follow it.A 30-minute break every two hours of studying makes the child more productive.There is no need to cut the cable connection. A bit of TV viewing is just the thing your child needs when she is taking a break.The most important thing to remember is that the world isn’t going to end if your child doesn’t score well in exams.Every child who scores 90 percent in school may not be successful in life and a child who scores badly is not a failure in life.Be the change you want, and everything else that you want to change will fall into place.Parents are like tugboats; they guide the ship (or their child) into the harbour for safe anchorage.How to tackle weight “issues”Vandana Malhotra is a Delhi-based writer. Mother to an eight-year-old, she tells us how to keep an underweight child active and energeticOne of the most common complaints among Indian mothers is that their child is a fussy, picky eater who simply does not pack in enough nourishment. As I have learnt from experience, most of such talk is sheer bunkum because when you look at the child, you find that she looks perfectly healthy. When such talk gets too much, I simply point at my daughter to shut them up. At an energetic eight years, my daughter Urja only weighs 15kg. Rather shocking when you state it baldly like that, but true. Not only is she fussy about what she eats, quantity is a problem too. If I can get her to eat one chapatti at a meal with just about a half portion each of dal, veggies and dahi, I consider it an achievement.That Urja is a slow gainer became apparent at about three years of age. Though her height and head circumference were well within the average range, her weight just didn’t keep up. Her paediatrician ran a slew of tests to determine if she had any underlying chronic disorder. These included simple blood, stool and urine checks to rule out anaemia, thalassemia, thyroid, mal-absorption of nutrients and even loss of proteins through urine. Thankfully, all the tests turned out negative and she didn’t suffer from lactose or gluten intolerance either.Experts today agree that the growth potential and the growth rate of children are programmed in their DNA. Since both my husband and I were thin as children, Urja, in all probability, takes after us. The genetic factor is compounded by the fact that she’s a small eater whose calorie intake is lower than it should be. But our paediatrician assures us that as long as Urja is healthy and active, her weight should not worry us unduly. Artificial fat and protein supplements for weight gain are a big no-no as the first can affect the heart adversely and the latter, the kidneys. We’ve simply been advised to wait till Urja hits puberty, the next growth spurt.In the meantime, our job is to make Urja eat calorie-and-energy-dense food, such as cheese, pasta, nuts, dry fruit and lots of icecream. She doesn’t cooperate much but instead of forcing food down her throat and putting her back up, we simply let her eat the amount she’s comfortable with. I generally go with the smaller meals and frequent snacks formula. As my sister-in-law, an obstetrician, observes, it’s a whole lot easier for parents to encourage their child to eat than to say no if they’re growing obese.If your child is underweight, her diet should include this:Whole cream milk, fruit shakes and icecream.Energy and calorie-rich fruits such as coconut, mango and banana.Dense carbohydrates such as wheat, rice and corn.Cheese and butter.Eggs, beans and legumes for protein.Dry fruits.
POWERPACKED: Chevrolet’s ‘concept’ SRV modelCall it an accelerating need for speed or the Dhoom phenomenon, fast bikes and faster cars are taking over Indian roads. Pace junkies are gunning for more bang for their buck and constantly hunting for ways to pump up their vehicle’s velocity.And the auto industry and,POWERPACKED: Chevrolet’s ‘concept’ SRV modelCall it an accelerating need for speed or the Dhoom phenomenon, fast bikes and faster cars are taking over Indian roads. Pace junkies are gunning for more bang for their buck and constantly hunting for ways to pump up their vehicle’s velocity.And the auto industry and specialists are gearing to whet this craving for speed. So fast cars get faster and smarter with technical and body-work modifications. As ace automobile designer Dilip Chhabaria says, “It is an international trend and Indian customers can’t be far behind. It’s a clear direction that market forces are moving in.”PACE ATTACK: Gautum Singhania’s Lotus EliseIn a reflection of this frenzy, the fastest bikes, cars, and the latest-in-performance accessories and die-hard pace junkies came together in a unique show, Speed Autocar Performance Show 2006 held in Mumbai from November 23 to 26. The fact that the event has grown nearly twice in size since its inception last year is proof that speedometers across the country are ticking.”There is definitely an increase in performance culture in the country. Today, cars are a status symbol. And with better cars and smoother roads being available we will only see a rise in this culture,” says Hormazd Sorabjee, editor of Autocar India. Never-seen before speedsters like the Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder, Audi Q7, Range Rover Sports, BMW 740Li, Pininfarina-styled Ferrari and the Mugen-tuned Honda were on display at the event.General Motors India flexed its muscles with a ‘concept’ Chevrolet SRV model touted as “India’s first sportback car” valued at Rs 7 lakh (ex-showroom, Delhi). “It is a supercharged 150 bhp after-market option which we will offer the performanceoriented customer through the accessories route,” said Rajeev Agrawal, manager, National Product Planning, General Motors India. And while this concept model may still not be on sale, the average Aveo can now be fitted with a body kit, starting at Rs 25,000.advertisementFAST AND FURIOUSLamborghini Gallardo Spyder: With a top speed of 315 km, this mean four-wheel drive machine features the Lamborghini V10 engine.Price: Rs: 2.6 crore (approximately)Range Rover Sport: This 2.7 litre V6 diesel is their latest SUV model.Price: Rs 65 lakh upwards (ex-showroom)Audi Q7: This 3-litre TDI V8 diesel SUV has the distinct Audi stamp.Price: Rs 62 lakh upwards (ex-showroom)BMW 740i: This power car with V8 400 cc 303 horsepower engine is absolute luxury.Price: Rs 81 lakh (ex-showroom)The Indian contingent too pulled out all stops. Tata Motors’ Indica Silhouette, a 3.5 litre V6 330 PS formula ‘concept’ car, capable of doing 0-100 km in 4.5 seconds with top speed of 270 kmph, attracted quite a few flashbulbs.J. Anand, managing director, Jayem Automotives, which works with Tata Motors on performance derivatives, says, “The concept car was developed to show the performance capabilities of the Indica. The Silhouette is a sportier version of the more practical Indica. Everything in it is indigenous, so it is great value-for-money.”Mahindra too showcased customised vehicles built on the Scorpio and Bolero platforms while Bajaj launched its 220 dtsi Pulsar and Apollo unveiled its W-speed rated directional tyre, Aspire, at the event.So what if you don’t own a speedster like the Lamborghini or Ferrari, you can soup up your Honda or Skoda and get your self a mean machine. Niche manufacturers like Chhabaria have seen markets grow and car manufacturers are following suit.Mugen powered performance kits for the Honda Civic, City and Accord V6 are available with Linkway Honda (the high performance kit for the Honda City costs approximately Rs 3,65,486). Additionally, you can buy accessories for Skoda’s Octavia, Laura and Superb by German brand Milotec at Trends, a DC Design company with the Laura body kit starting at Rs 18,800.MEAN MACHINE: Lamborghini Gallardo SpyderSpeed enthusiasts and tweaking experts are just getting started. Karanraj Shah of KS Motorsport has seen the business speed up since he started out nearly five years ago. “Earlier, we used to import five filters and had to convince people to get them installed. Now we bring in a container full and the customers are more aware,” he says.Modifications start at Rs 3,000 and go up to Rs 4-5 lakh. Shah’s younger clientele prefers quicker modifications. “Day jobs like simple filters, ignition units that increase spark discharge, fuel management systems and exhausts are very popular,” says Shah. Other changes include adding turbo chargers, nitrous oxide system, replacing Indian engines with Japanese engines etc.VROOM FACTOR: Pininfarina-styled FerrariMineel Chitroda, who runs MKraft Design, a successful business in body kits, concept vehicle interiors and customized paint job with brother Moneet, provides design solutions to clients who want to modify the look of their car.”The market is rapidly growing even in terms of design,” says Moneet, adding that clients are ready to shell out over Rs 2 lakh to give their cars a new look. Even as engines are revved up and body work waxed, car lovers are ready to vroom off in style, secure in the knowledge that potholed roads or not, speed is the king.advertisement
zoom India has signed a short-term lease contract with Iran for a part of Chabahar Port.Under the contract between Port and Maritime Organization (PMO), Iran and India Ports Global Limited (IPGL), India would operate Shahid Beheshti Port, Phase 1 of Chabahar Port, for a term of one and a half year.Signed during Iranian president Hassan Rouhani’s recent visit to the country, the short-term lease would see India utilize Iranian equipment to conduct operations at the part of the port.As part of the deal, the country would launch operations at the 360-meter-long Shahid Beheshti Port by the end of May 2018, Hindustan Times cited sources close to the matter.“The successful inauguration of the Phase-1 of Chabahar Port in early December 2017; the ratification of the Trilateral Agreement between India, Iran and Afghanistan on Establishment of International Transport and Transit Corridor by all sides; and the successful shipment of wheat assistance from India to Afghanistan through Chabahar Port have opened a new gateway to and from Afghanistan, Central Asia and beyond,” Government of India writes.According to the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), agreed between the countries in May 2016, India is to develop the Chabahar Port, which is located outside the Persian Gulf.Under the MoU, India would equip and operate two berths in Chabahar Port Phase-I with a capital investment of USD 85.21 million and annual revenue expenditure of USD 22.95 million on a 10-year lease.World Maritime News Staff