South Asian nations long beset by problems that demand global attention — poverty, poor health, and unrest — are increasingly places where solutions are being developed and where technology enables innovation, according to panelists examining the region’s future.The discussion Friday (April 8) came during a conference sponsored by the South Asia Initiative at Harvard University. Held in the Radcliffe Gymnasium, the two-day event featured key leaders from the region as well as several prominent Harvard officials, including President Drew Faust, Provost Steven E. Hyman, and deans of several graduate Schools.Among the regional officials who attended were Husain Haqqani, Pakistan’s ambassador to the United States, and Hardeep Singh Puri, India’s ambassador to the United Nations. Panelists examined the challenges facing the region, involving energy, technology and climate change, water security, population and aging, and social changes.In her opening remarks, Faust said Harvard has long had connections to the region, which is dominated by India and Pakistan, but which also includes Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives. In recent years, Harvard’s engagement has grown, as the region’s rising importance has attracted the attention of several professional Schools, including Harvard Business School (HBS), which has opened a research center in Mumbai.Harvard has more than 100 faculty members whose work involves South Asia, Faust said, and Harvard students are increasingly choosing to work and travel there.Faust praised the South Asia Initiative’s “dynamic and multidisciplinary approach” toward the region’s challenges. Initiative Director Tarun Khanna, the Jorge Paulo Lemann Professor at Harvard Business School, said the Harvard community has been very engaged over issues in the region, which he joked makes his job easier.“All that we have to say is we’re going to provide food and get out of the way. The intellect and energy of Harvard takes over,” Khanna said, adding that the initiative is also a matchmaker between students with interests in the region and resources to help them pursue those interests.Details of Harvard’s increased engagement with South Asia were discussed during a panel moderated by Hyman and featuring the deans of several Harvard professional Schools. The panel featured Dean Julio Frenk of the Harvard School of Public Health, Dean Mohsen Mostafavi of the Harvard Graduate School of Design (GSD), Dean Nitin Nohria of HBS, and Dean Cherry Murray of the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS).Nohria said HBS seeks to have the largest intellectual footprint with the smallest physical footprint. The School’s engagement has included creating 120 cases that are shared with business schools there. The School also trains instructors from around the world, including South Asia, in the HBS case teaching method during workshops each summer.Mostafavi said faculty and students from the GSD are examining the region’s rapid urbanization, whereby major cities are developing in short time periods. The growth is largely due to informal settlements, like slums and shantytowns, that have little infrastructure and for which traditional methods of urban planning fall short. Investigating these types of communities, Mostafavi said, is one way that the GSD can contribute to the region’s future.Murray said there are opportunities to learn from South Asian technological advances. Tata Motors, for example, has developed the world’s cheapest car and may offer lessons for other automobile developers.A panel on energy, technology, and innovation examined potential responses to challenges facing the region from climate change. R.K. Pachauri, chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and director of the Yale University Climate and Energy Institute, said climate change presents many challenges to the region. Rising sea levels coupled with more intense and more frequent storms will affect densely populated, low-lying regions like those in Bangladesh. He suggested that surging waves and heavy rains will become more frequent, while melting glaciers will threaten drinking water for many in the region who rely on glacier-fed rivers.“Where is the space in Bangladesh to which you can move?” asked Pachauri. “One is not talking about the entire coast becoming submerged. But major impacts from weather events, coastal flooding — these become increasingly severe as sea level rises.”Pachauri, who was joined on the panel by former SEAS Dean Venkatesh Narayanamurti and Daniel Schrag, director of the Harvard University Center for the Environment, who chaired the panel, said the Indian national plan to fight climate change recognizes that the country’s development can’t follow the Western pattern. Innovation, he said, will be important in improving the lives of India’s poorest citizens.One approach, aimed at the 400 million who don’t have access to electricity, uses a solar lantern program to provide lighting in rural areas. In the program, developed through the Energy and Resources Institute in New Delhi, lanterns are charged daily by a local entrepreneur who generates electricity through solar panels. They are then taken out by area residents each night, and are returned in the morning for recharging.“You can’t minimize the importance of innovating for the poorest of the poor,” Pachauri said.
This is part of a series about Harvard’s deep connections with Asia.SHANGHAI — “This experience wasn’t about going to class,” said Shaw Chen of the year he spent at Peking University.Chen, who graduated from Harvard in 2000, said his stint in Beijing as a Harvard-Yenching Fellow was formative for him, but not necessarily because of his classroom learning. Arriving at the campus in the fall of 1998 after a summer stint at the U.S. Embassy in Beijing, he took undergraduate classes with Chinese students and immersed himself in student life.Both on and off the campus, on train and bus trips through the country, he saw a nation that, though ancient, was stretching new economic muscles.“You could … see a real energy in China. You had a sense China was heading somewhere,” Chen said.China still is going places, only perhaps with even more energy than in 1998. And Chen, who is treasurer of the Harvard Club of Shanghai, has shifted from learning about how the nation was growing to helping it along. Chen today runs an investment firm in Shanghai and has seen tremendous changes in the markets over the past 15 years.When he began, Chen mainly dealt with Western companies seeking a foothold in the rapidly growing economy. Today, he still sees a lot of interest from foreign companies, but he also sees increasing activity by Chinese companies and individuals looking to invest outside China’s borders.“I’d say this is part of the larger story of China’s growing economic and geopolitical clout,” Chen said. “It’s a fascinating time to be a China watcher.”Chen’s family moved a lot when he was young. His parents immigrated to the United States from Taiwan, and his father’s career path prompted the family to move regularly as Chen grew up. He lived in Pennsylvania, Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, New York, Oregon, Singapore, and Los Angeles.As he got older, Chen had his own wanderlust, spending the summer before coming to Harvard in Spain, the fellowship year in Beijing, and a summer traveling in Tibet with Eliot House roommate Daniel Forger ’99, before starting an internship in Hong Kong. He settled in Manhattan for a post-graduation bounce year that ended with him moving to Hong Kong the same week as the 9/11 terrorist attacks.When Chen arrived at Harvard in 1995, he thought his future lay in medicine, not international finance. He soon realized, however, that the heavy scientific course load, weighted with required laboratory time, was preventing him from exploring other interests, including his heritage.Chen said a chance encounter on the day he was moving in at Harvard Yard may have been a sign of things to come.“I was wandering around Harvard Square when a Tibetan family in traditional garb asked me for directions to the Charles Hotel,” Chen said. “I walked them to the hotel and followed them to a small conference room for what turned out to be a private audience with the Dalai Lama for the local Tibetan community. To say the least, it was an amazing welcome to Cambridge.”When he did take classes on China, he realized that he preferred them to biochemistry and switched to East Asian studies.“Harvard’s core curriculum offered a great selection of China-related electives. I started realizing I was really interested in this stuff,” Chen said.When Chen talks about his Harvard experience, the things that happened outside class were just as important as those within. He remembers working late nights at The Harvard Crimson, where he was an editor and design chair. He still sees bylines of fellow Crimson editors who went into journalism and said many remain his close friends. He remembers having to adjust to the general brilliance of his classmates and to the sense that he was “a small fish in a big pond.” He also recalls the difficulty of his first winter in Cambridge, which featured plenty of snow and a 100-year storm.“Coming from Southern California, I was not at all prepared for that winter. It was a shock to me,” Chen said. “The experience at Harvard can be challenging … You need to be very proactive to take advantage of what Harvard offers.”The campus experience got more familiar when his brother Jay arrived as a freshman the following year.“It was great having my brother on campus,” Chen said. “Jay was [in the Quad] his sophomore year, which made for a good excuse to trek up to Cabot House for weekend brunch and waffles.”Chen’s time at Peking University coincided with the Kosovo War, during which NATO planes inadvertently bombed the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade. The incident set off violent protests — in which many of Chen’s Chinese classmates took part — across China. There was a backlash against Americans that caused many foreign students to head for the airport. Chen stayed behind, even though he was sometimes harassed in Internet cafes and in class, where he was called out about the bombing by instructors.“It got really hostile for foreign students on campus,” Chen said. “A lot of people just left, but I stuck around.”After his post-graduation move to Hong Kong with Morgan Stanley, Chen found his way back to China when he joined Heineken, which was building local operations in Shanghai. Chen worked on the acquisitions of regional Chinese breweries and eventually joined a boutique private equity firm in Shanghai that handled Chinese investments for university endowments.Chen struck out on his own five years ago, founding an investment firm that today has offices in Shanghai and Chengdu, China.Kate McFarlin, president of the Harvard Club of Shanghai, described Chen as thoughtful and detail-oriented, with both wit and a strong commitment to the University. The two met at a Harvard alumni mixer after McFarlin moved to Shanghai, and both were elected officers to the club in 2005.“Shaw is someone you want on your side of the table,” McFarlin said. “I enjoy spending time with Shaw because he is incredibly intelligent and thoughtful, but also because he has a great, dry sense of humor and is quick to smile and crack a joke.”Chen and McFarlin will lead the organization for two more years. Even when he’s no longer club treasurer, Chen likely will stay in touch with his Harvard colleagues. He has found over the years that the Harvard community in Shanghai provides a strong foundation for friendship.“A lot of my closest friends in Shanghai are Harvard graduates, and not because I knew them then or sought them out. We’re all quite different, but have some sort of understanding, a shared sense of purpose,” Chen said. “The Harvard experience is not just the classroom, it’s the entire experience, holistically Crimson. Having this community here is pretty important.”
A newly published study from researchers working in collaboration with the Regenerative Bioscience Center at the University of Georgia demonstrates fetal death and brain damage in early chick embryos similar to microcephaly — a rare birth defect linked to the Zika virus, now alarming health experts worldwide.The team, led by Forrest Goodfellow, a graduate student in the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, developed a neurodevelopmental chick model that could mimic the effects of Zika on first trimester development. Historically, chick embryos have been extensively used as a model for human biology.Early last spring, Goodfellow began inoculating chick embryos with a virus strain originally sourced from the Zika outbreak epicenter.”We wanted a complete animal model, closely to that of a human, which would recapitulate the microcephaly phenotype,” said Goodfellow, who recently presented the findings at the Southern Translational Education and Research (STaR) Conference.The RBC team, which included Melinda Brindley, an assistant professor of virology in the College of Veterinary Medicine, and Qun Zhao, associate professor of physics in the Franklin College of Arts and Sciences, suggests that the chick embryo provides a useful model to study the effects of Zika, in part because of its significant similarity to human fetal neurodevelopment and rapid embryonic process.”Now we can look quickly, at greater numbers, and more closely at a multitude of different strains and possibly identify the critical window of susceptibility for Zika virus-induced birth defects,” said Brindley. “With this approach, we can continue to further design and test therapeutic efficacy.”The challenge today is processing and producing therapeutic antibodies in preparation for unpredictable disease outbreaks. Having an active pathogen threat like Zika that can jump across continents reinforces the need for therapeutic innovation.Early stage chick embryos are readily available and low in cost, Goodfellow explained. Development within the egg (in ovo) provides an environment that can be easily accessed by high-speed automation. Poultry automation in the Southeast is impressive, and the industry is now using robotic technology, Goodfellow said.”With egg injection automation and embryo viability technology, we could test tens of thousands of potential therapeutic compounds in a single day,” he said.Since 2011, under the mentorship of Steven Stice, a Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar and director of the Regenerative Bioscience Center, Goodfellow has worked extensively with eggs and chickens. In a previous project with Stice and Zhao, the team developed a unique approach of marrying stem cell biology and MRI to track and label neural stem cells.”We knew we could look at the brain structure, shape and size with MRI, but what we captured was evidence that the infection caused MRI-visible damage, and the total brain volume was substantially smaller,” said Stice, faculty lead and principal investigator of the study. “From this finding, our data provides a rationale for targeting future therapeutic compounds in treating early-stage microcephaly to stop or slow the progress of the disease.”The study, “Zika Virus Induced Mortality and Microcephaly in Chicken Embryos,” is available online.This work was supported in part by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency STAR grant (83555101), National Science Foundation under the Science and Technology Center, and grant S10RR023706 from the National Center for Research Resources.
Every summer at the OutDoor Friedrichshafen show in Germany — the largest outdoor industry trade show for Europe and really the global market — brands hope to take away one of the shows coveted OutDoor Industry Award recognitions. The OutDoor Industry Award is one of the highest design prizes available to companies in the outdoor industry.Awards go to products and technologies that indicate a possible new trend and demonstrate a high degree of innovation and design quality. Among those 35 awarded were seven gold awards this year for exceptionally outstanding products. This year the panel of judges reviewed 361 products. “The OutDoor Industry Award honors innovative products that represent an exceptional achievement. They have the potential to become future trendsetters in the outdoor industry. Among these OutDoor Industry Award winners are products that set new benchmarks for the entire industry. These products are the gold award winners,” said Stefan Reisinger, Head of OutDoor. The OutDoor Industry Award is held by Messe Friedrichshafen this year for the first time in association with the German Designer Club (DDC).In addition to the new Arc’teryx Alpha² FL Men´s, the Salewa Speed Ascent also won a Gold Award for footwear innovation. Salewa is based in South Tyrol, Italy, and while many people in the U.S. are still learning about the brand, globally they have been a footwear leader for a very long time.“For the second year in a row, Salewa has won three awards at the same time from the leading European outdoor trade fair. With the additional launch of a new logo, these awards are even more important to us because they emphasize our strong drive for brand renewal and leadership in innovation. I’m particularly pleased that in addition to two innovation awards, we also won in the area of sustainability,” said Heiner Oberrauch, president of the Salewa-Oberalp Group.The fast-hike Salewa Speed Ascent features “Take-Off Technology,” a pre-cambered position for the toes, in addition to Vibram’s “Rolling Gait System,” a rocker-shaped sole for quicker, more effective acceleration. The shoe also features a double-row lacing system and an overlapping tongue system for superior support, fit and function.
Paul Collingwood fell so hard for scuba that he went out and bought another leg. The 53-year-old computer programmer wears a prosthesis below his left knee, the result of an amputation after a motorcycle accident when he was 25. But after he plunged into diving 10 years ago, he went all in, purchasing a specialized artificial limb that allows him to flutter with the same graceful ease as a dolphin.“I love to explore,” the Columbia, S.C., dive instructor says during a warm Saturday morning at Lake Jocassee. “There’s plenty of fun stuff to do underwater. It’s like taking a trip to outer space without leaving the planet.”Scuba is a gear-intensive sport—a lifestyle, Collingwood calls it—that can start at around $1,500. Still, anyone who has spent more than just a few seconds underwater will tell you that the passion of scuba diving hits fast and hard. That’s pretty obvious when you see 71 divers sink into mid-60-degree water for the annual Poker Dive in Lake Jocassee.Today, everyone’s clad from toes to nose in black neoprene wet suits, weight belts, air tanks with 3,000 pounds per square inch of pressure, buoyancy-compensator vests, masks, snorkels and fins. And … down … they go. Bubbles betray their progress as they flipper along pink lines that lead to buckets filled with poker chips.The underwater card game kicks off scuba season for the Bermuda Triangle Dive Shop in Columbia, S.C. They make regular vists to Lake Jocassee throughout the summer, as well as to Lake Keowee’s “hot hole,” where the Oconee Nuclear Station generates bathtub-warm water.On this 84-degree morning in late May, the school of human fish has collected the poker chips. They waddle up the boat ramp to turn in their chips and collect their prizes. The winning hand belongs to Reynolds McLeod, a 16-year-old rising sophomore at Greenville High School.Scenes from Deliverance, the iconic James Dickey film, were shot in this pristine, idyllic valley before Duke Energy bought up all the land there and flooded it. Among the drowning victims: the Attakulla Lodge, a sprawling wooden bed-and-breakfast that for half a century sat only 20 yards from water’s edge. Now it sits more than 300 feet below the surface, too deep for all but the most technical divers; only a handful of people have ventured down to the legendary lodge.Where many do dive, though, is the submerged Mount Carmel Baptist Church Cemetery, which also played a role in Deliverance. The cemetery’s previous residents were relocated. But the eeriness remains about 130 feet down.Beyond ghosts, there’s still much to see: a soda machine, a basketball goal, a few plastic skeletons in lawn chairs and, under an algae-covered platform, a giant fish that could scare the air right out of you… until you realize it’s not real.Scuba is real, though, a unique experience that gives folks who enjoy traveling yet another way to see places that most tourists don’t go—including a World War II U-boat submerged off the coast of North Carolina. While everyone must have a “dive buddy” for every descent, it’s still possible to get a little lost in a way. After all, you’re hearing little more than bubbles from your own measured breath in a dream world of weightlessness. Or, as Burt Reynolds’ character, Lewis, says in Deliverance: “Sometimes you have to lose yourself ’fore you can find anything.”
Reporters at the scene said the weather was dry and the ramp not particularly steep. As US President Donald Trump turns 74 on Sunday, an incident a day earlier in which he appeared unsteady on his feet has revived questions about his health as he heads into a grueling re-election campaign.Scrutiny of a president’s health is always intense, and Trump has generally appeared vigorous for his age. Results of a routine physical released early this month showed he was overweight — 244 pounds (110 kilograms) — but with otherwise normal test results.But his appearance Saturday at the US military academy in West Point, New York raised new questions about apparent signs of unsteadiness, balance problems and trouble enunciating certain words. Secretive checkup Speculation had been fueled last November, when Trump made an unscheduled and secretive visit to the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland.The White House called the visit an “interim checkup” — though it was unusual, coming just nine months after his previous exam — and rejected speculation about any “urgent or acute issues.”A spokeswoman insisted that Trump had more energy “than anyone in the White House.”Should Trump show signs of physical weakness, it could undercut his frequent attacks on Biden, his presumptive opponent in November.In March, Trump tweeted that Biden was “weak, both mentally and physically.” And on June 11, he said on Twitter that Biden “acts different than he used to, he’s even slower than he used to be.”During his 2016 campaign, Trump had attacked then-opponent Hillary Clinton after she fell ill at a campaign event, saying she was not physically up to the task of being president.During that campaign, Trump’s longtime doctor, Harold Bornstein, wrote in a letter that his patient’s health was “astonishingly excellent” and that his strength and stamina were “extraordinary.”But in 2018, Bornstein told CNN that Trump himself “dictated that whole letter. I didn’t write that letter.” Since Trump has regularly mocked the health and acuity of his presumptive election opponent, Democrat Joe Biden — who is three years his senior — the question of physical fitness could weigh heavily in the campaign ahead. After a widely circulated video on Saturday showed Trump walking tentatively and unsteadily down a long ramp after delivering a commencement speech at West Point, he took to Twitter to issue an explanation.”The ramp that I descended after my West Point Commencement speech was very long & steep, had no handrail and, most importantly, was very slippery,” Trump said.”The last thing I was going to do is ‘fall’ for the Fake News to have fun with. Final ten feet I ran down to level ground. Momentum!” Earlier incidentsBut Trump also appeared to have trouble Saturday lifting a glass of water to his lips — beginning the gesture with his right hand but then raising his left hand apparently to help. And, not for the first time, he seemed to mispronounce a number of names of well-known Americans, including those of army generals Ulysses S. Grant and Douglas MacArthur.His West Point performance was not the first time Trump’s health has been questioned, particularly by his avowed political critics, whose speculation has run the gamut from early dementia to a minor stroke.Late last month, Trump seemed to have trouble standing still during a solemn wreath-laying ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery, near Washington, though some commentators said he might simply have been weary.That appearance also came at a time when Trump said he had been taking a course of hydroxychloroquine, a drug he believed could help fend off the coronavirus, despite a lack of medical evidence. Side effects of the drug include dizziness and nausea.Trump has repeatedly tested negative for COVID-19. Topics :
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It is understood that Rooney has almost agreed in principle to extend his contract until the end of the 2018-19 season. That deal could be signed as early as Wednesday or Thursday. Rooney is understood to be extremely happy at Old Trafford despite Chelsea’s interest in him and United’s current predicament. The reigning champions look unlikely to qualify for the Champions League this year for the first time since the 1995-96 season. David Moyes’ side currently sit 11 points adrift of the top four in seventh position with just 12 matches remaining. But despite the club’s current form, Rooney has enjoyed working under Moyes, with whom he used to work at Everton, and the England striker is said to be content that better times lie ahead. It is also understood that Rooney could replace the departing Nemanja Vidic as United skipper at the end of the current campaign. Rooney recently spoke of his desire to break Sir Bobby Charlton’s record of 249 goals for United. The England striker’s current tally stands at 208. “It is a great aim for myself to try and get Sir Bobby’s record, both at club and international level,’ Rooney told BBC’s Football Focus. “It is something which I would like to do. If I can do that I would be really proud because it has stood for a long time.” Press Association Wayne Rooney is expected to sign a new five-and-a-half year contract with Manchester United in the next 48 to 72 hours. Rooney’s future has been up in the air ever since Chelsea attempted to prise the 28-year-old away from Old Trafford last summer. Rooney’s current deal is due to expire at the end of next season, but Press Association Sport understands negotiations over a new contract are at an advanced stage.
Panchkula: After losing their respective opening matches, UP Dangal will take on Delhi Sultans in the next round of the Pro Wrestling League (PWL) at the Tau Devi Lal Indoor Stadium here on Friday.Both teams will be hugely dependent on their foreign recruits and both teams have named two foreign wrestlers as their icon players. UP has named last year’s world champion Vanesa Kaladzinskaya as their icon player whereas Delhi has named last year’s world championships silver medalist Khetik Tsabolov as their top wrestler. All eyes will also be on Sakshi Malik’s clash with Navjot Kaur in this match after both these wrestlers’ categories were blocked in the previous encounter. Navjot is the first Indian female wrestler to win a gold at the Asian Championships whereas Sakshi is the first and only Indian to win an Olympic medal. They have never faced each other so far in their career as they fought in different weight categories.But Navjot has reduced weight now and because of the different weight structure in PWL, there is the possibility of seeing the Asian champion taking on the Olympic champion.The other two exciting encounters on the cards are in the women’s 76 kg where Estonian Epp Mae takes on the European U23 champion from Ukraine Shustovo Anastasia and local boys Naveen takes on Pankaj in the men’s 57 kg category. Though Naveen went down to Ravi in his last bout, the UP wrestler’s form gives him a definite edge over Pankaj tomorrow. (IANS)Also Read: PWL played big role in Asian Games gold, says Vinesh Phogat
NFL will have 58 prospects participating remotely in draft Associated Press Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditNEW YORK (AP) — Heisman Trophy winner Joe Burrow and Ohio State edge rusher Chase Young are among 58 prospects who will participate remotely in the NFL draft next week that will double as a telethon to raise money to fight the coronavirus crisis.Burrow is one of eight LSU players who will take part in the April 23-25 draft, one more than Alabama.Normally, top prospects would be invited to the draft itself, but this year’s festivities in Las Vegas were scuttled by the coronavirus outbreak and the draft will instead be conducted in a studio with the league’s 32 teams participating remotely from their hometowns. April 9, 2020 The NFL also said that throughout the three-day draft it will host a “Draft-A-Thon” to benefit COVID-19 relief efforts and pay tribute to healthcare workers and others on the front lines of the pandemic.The virus has killed more than 12,000 people in the U.S. and fundamentally transformed American life while plunging the global economy into what is expected to be a major recession. More than one in 10 U.S. workers have lost their jobs in just the past three weeks to the pandemic. Worldwide, more than 1.5 million people have been confirmed infected and about 90,000 have died, according to Johns Hopkins University. The SEC leads all conferences with 24 prospects confirmed to participate in the event, which will serve as a three-day fundraiser benefiting six charities that are battling the virus and delivering relief to millions in need.Those charities are: the Salvation Army, the American Red Cross; CDC Foundation’s All of Us; and the COVID-19 response funds of Feeding America, Meals on Wheels America and United Way. Despite the logistical challenges of operating a 255-pick draft remotely, teams will still have just 10 minutes between picks in the first round, seven for rounds 2 and 3 and five for rounds 4-7.The Cincinnati Bengals own the first overall pick.___More AP NFL: https://apnews.com/NFL and https://twitter.com/AP_NFL,Tampa Bay Lightning advance to face Dallas Stars in Stanley Cup finals, beating New York Islanders 2-1 in OT in Game 6